Tag Archives: ui

case study fitness app tubik blog

Case Study: Manuva. UI/UX Design for Gym Fitness App.

The mobile app industry is one of the biggest on the digital market. There is no surprise, since many businesses both small and big aim at creating their own mobile app. A powerful application can help to set connection with potential customers as well as bring new solutions to enhance services.

 

UI and UX design is vital for the app performance. Every year people’s expectations about mobile applications grow. They want a mobile app to be fast and easy to use due to delightful interaction and navigation system. Moreover, UI design should be appealing and original so that an app could catch users’ interest, make them stay and discover the functionality. Today, we share a case study showing the creative process of UI and UX design for a fitness app. A designer assigned to this project was Tania Bashkatova.

 

tubik studio ux designer

 

Task

 

UI and UX design for a mobile gym fitness app.

 

Process

 

The client was Manuva Group company from South Africa. They made a request to design a new product called Manuva — a mobile application for fitness professionals and gym members. The app was aimed at helping people to find personal trainers in various gyms and book a session without being a member of a particular gym. Users would be able to browse for nearest available trainers, gyms, or group classes via a map or a list sorted by distance and closest start time. Moreover, the app could be useful for fitness instructors as a tool for managing clients. The specific feature of Manuva app was expected to have an in-app payment for a session.

 

Manuva Group wanted the design for their app to be dynamic and youthful supported with original user onboarding tutorials. In addition, they asked to pay attention to the navigation so that users could find trainer connections fast and without efforts.

 

UX design

 

When all the requests were considered, the designer went to the stage of wireframing. A wireframe is a simplified and schematic visual representation of a layout for app screens and transitions. It is a fast way to plan the information architecture and ensure that developers and clients get a clear understanding of the project structure. Furthermore, in case the client wants to make some changes, a wireframe is much easier to reshape.

 

Here are the wireframes created for Manuva app. The designer planned the basic layout including login and home screens.

 

user experience design fitness app tubik_1

 

The client asked to include an original feature into a login user interface which would allow users to discover Manuva without registration. That’s why the designer added a button “Discover Manuva” right under the login button providing a choice for users. In addition, to make a profile more personalized the login process also contained a screen where people could choose their goals.

 

user experience design fitness app tubik_2

 

Home screen contained two sections: the list of fitness instructors and the map. This would help users to find trainers conveniently. Also, UI included a tab bar making navigation in the app approachable and clear.

 

All in all, the wireframing stage helped to outline visual and typographic hierarchy of Manuva user interface as well as set the interactive zones and elements and plan transitions and interactions.

 

UI design

 

When the structure was approved, the designer started working on the presentation of the UI elements. One of the tasks was to find an effective color palette for the interface. The thing is that color has a significant influence on our visual perception and the first impression from a product. Inappropriate colors may affect some of the usability aspects such as readability of copy elements and user satisfaction. Moreover, it’s important to consider the preferences of the target audience: people perceive colors differently depending on their age, gender, and culture.

 

The designer provided the clients with several options so that they could see their app from different perspectives. There were examples with dark and light backgrounds as well as cold and warm color palettes. Let’s see some of the suggested UI concepts.

 

user interface design fitness app tubik_1

user interface design fitness app tubik_2

 

The client chose the UI concept with white background and two contrasting colors — blue and pink. They were expected to be major colors of user interface elements. Moreover, the blue tones corresponded to the colors applied in Manuva logo which would contribute to better brand recognition. Here are the final UI designs of the fitness app.

 

UI design fitness app tubik_2

 

One of the registration screens offered users to choose their favorite sports directions which were followed by the images of sportspeople. Since the Manuva app was an African product, the client asked to apply the majority of photos featuring people of typical African appearance.

 

UI design fitness app tubik_3

 

To make the user interface look clear and original, the designer created a custom set of vector icons. Simple and aesthetic icons help users get quickly oriented in the navigation system of the app.

 

Custom illustrations for onboarding tutorials

 

The clients also requested to pay attention to the design of onboarding tutorial screens. Just to remind, tutorials appear to users who launch a mobile app for the first time helping them get oriented within unfamiliar features and controls. Onboarding tutorials usually contain short but clear info describing the benefits of the product which make it useful and engage the user to try it.

 

To make the tutorial UI entertaining and captivating, the client and the designer agreed to add custom illustrations. This task was given to graphic designer Marina Solomennikova. The illustrations were created in a flat style and the colors corresponded to the common color palette applied in UI. Let’s see the result.

 

Onboarding fitness app UI tubik

 

Summing up, no matter how many apps exist, there is a way to make yours stand out from the crowd. Innovative features, sufficient user experience, and pleasant UI design can be an effective foundation for a mobile application.

 

case study fitness app tubik blog

 

More case studies

 

If you are interested to see more practical case studies with creative flows for UI/UX design, here is the set of them.

 

Colony. Landing Page Design for Collaboration Platform.

Watering Tracker. UI Design for Home Needs.

UI Experiments: Options for Recipe Cards in a Food App

Home Budget App. UI for Finance.

Night in Berlin. UI for Event App.

Big City Guide. Landing Page Design.

Vinny’s Bakery. UI Design for E-Commerce.

Upper App. UI Design for To-Do List.

Health Care App. UI for Doctors.

Wedding Planner. UI Design Concept.

Toonie Alarm. Mobile App UI Design.

SwiftyBeaver. UX/UI Design for a Mac Application.


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UI animation mobile interfaces tubik blog

Motion for Mobile. 20 Creative Concepts of UI Animation.

A lot of trends have stepped aside but motion keeps its top positions in the domain of user experience for mobile and web. Animation has become an essential part of the effective user interfaces making them more interactive, fun and user-friendly.

 

Tubik designers know how helpful the well-crafted animation can be for usability of digital products, especially for mobile applications. Adding to diverse design ideas and practical examples shown on our blog before, today a fresh set of concepts with sophisticated UI animations is ready for your attention. Let’s take a look at them.

 

Vegan Recipe App

 

vegan_recipe_app_ui_animation_tubik

 

This is a concept of Vegan Recipe app enabling to choose the dishes based on vegetarian principles and add the necessary ingredients to the shopping list. Here you can see the basic set of interactions including choice of recipes with the horizontal swipe. When users tap on the specific recipe, they can see the detailed information on its ingredients and nutrition. The tab bar includes simple icons helping to navigate in the app.

 

Tasty Burger App

 

burger_app_ui_animation_tubik

 

Another food concept is fresh and juicy Tasty Burger App allowing users to order a traditional burger from the menu or customizing any option for themselves adding or removing the ingredients. The item screen is focused on the high-quality photo of the chosen burger making users want it even more. The ingredients are displayed at the bottom of the screen so users can add or remove them without efforts since it’s one of the easiest tap areas to reach. And finally a yellow CTA button “Add to Cart” helps to complete the purchase.

 

The menu screen includes brand name on the top to increase recognizability. Users can apply filters for the fast search or pick an item from “special offers”. All the UI elements in menu screen are structured due to the sufficient visual hierarchy allowing users to interact with the app.

 

Mobile Game App

 

mobile_game_interactions_tubik

 

This is the animated concept showing interactions for a mobile game Chicken Attack. It allows players to create their own networks via the set of random matches which can be skipped or added. The triadic color scheme makes UI look more playful and funny flat illustrations of chickens bring the positive emotions. The animation shows how an egg breaks and one more chicken, presenting a player, joins a team. This way the basic operation of adding a player becomes lively and gets a strong association with the theme of the game.

 

Business Card App

 

business_card_app_animation_tubik

 

Here’s the UI concept of Business Card App, an application for creating, keeping and sending contact data in a form of virtual business cards. For users working at multiple positions, it may save a set of cards as you can see in the animation. Cards in the user’s set appear by dragging the first one down.

 

Watering Tracker App

 

watering_tracker_app_ui_tubik

 

watering_tracker_app_interactions_tubik

 

Here are two screens presenting some interactions for a watering tracker. It reminds users to water the plants as well as tracking the watering stats for every plant. When users accomplished watering they push a custom button with water drops and it changes into a check sign. In addition, there is the information showing when a plant needs to be watered next time, so when people confirm watering it changes the data immediately.

 

The second screen presents a feature of adding a new plant to the list. Users can take a photo of a plant and the app automatically defines what it is and how it should be watered.

 

Photo App

 

tubik_photo_app

 

Here’s a UI concept for a photo app. It’s a social network which allows photographers to present their portfolios elegantly and connect to the world. The current view shows a profile screen with a photo gallery. Users can see view photos with a swipe and tap to open the full-sized versions.

 

Homey App

 

homey_app_interactions_tubik

 

It is the UI concept for Homey, the app enabling users to apply the functionality of smart home in their dwellings. The featured screens show that users can choose the room and see the basic data about them like temperature, humidity, and energy consumption. Also, people can tune the settings and see the expenses as well as turn saving mode and security of different levels. All the interactions are animated with the use of colors which looks especially deep on the dark background.

 

Loading Motion for iPhone X

 

loading_animation_iphonex_tubik

 

Here’s a concept of a content loading animation shown in the status bar of iPhone X. When users drag it down the rainbow animation appears. This is a bright way to decrease the tense of waiting and entertain users for a moment.

 

Balance App

 

balance_app_interactions_tubik_design

 

This is a concept of the Balance App, a mobile application for tracking finances. It helps users to check the balance of their bank cards easily, check the expenses along particular categories and keep updated how much money left to the limits set by the user. The designer has chosen the green color as the basis as it is often associated with safety, confidence, and growth. The smooth animation demonstrates the transition from one screen to another.

 

Travel Brightly App

 

travel_app_interactions_tubik_animation

 

This is a user interface concept for Travel Brightly App. It’s a mobile application providing information about various destinations around the world. The app collects various offers on accommodation and tickets to them and enables users to share their reviews. The feature making the app really special is bright custom illustrations for every presented place. Graphics are followed with names of cities and both demonstrate the animation when users choose a city.

 

Mobile Menu Interactions

 

menu_interactions_ui_animation_tubik

 

Here’s the concept presenting interactions with the menu of categories for a simple app enabling a user to collect and track all kinds of daily activities.Contrast colors and bold typography also contribute much to making navigation clear and intuitive. Smooth motion supports usability and elegance of interactions.

 

Learn Chinese App

 

learn_chinese_app_interactions_tubik

 

This is a UI concept of Learn Chinese application presenting the cards to learn Chinese characters and pronunciation. One side of a card shows the user a character and the other side allows for seeing its transliteration and translation as well as enables to hear it. Users can save the cards, mark them studied or non-studied and learn various thematic collections. The interesting motion makes learning process brighter and more interactive.

 

Book Swap App

 

book swap app interaction design

 

Here’s a UI concept of a book swapping application. It organizes the books by cards: each book card has a unique design that matches its cover. The animated concept shows the interactions with the feed showing books and their owners, and also the card of two books to be swapped. Moreover, the animation can be seen in the smallest details including CTA button “Swap” with moving arrows.

 

WineYard App

 

UI animation wine app

 

This is WineYard, the application enabling users to learn about different kinds of wine, get tips on serving them and food to combine with. Also, the app gives information where the chosen wine can be bought based on user’s location. When users push “View more”, the full data about an item appears in a smooth motion while other UI elements such as a photo and title fade away.

 

Cinema App

 

cinema app interaction ui animation

 

This is a UI design concept of a mobile application for the cinema chain. The first screen features interactions with the home screen showing the list of films. Films are presented via posters placed closely to each other so that users could see more options at once. Tapping on a poster people go to a screen of the particular film with all the necessary details.

 

The second screen shows the flow of choosing and booking the seat. Picking up a particular showing, users can see the available seats, pick the ones they like and book them, paying right from the app.

 

Music News App

 

music_news_app_animation_tubik

 

This is a creative concept for Music News App helping collects lyrics, news and quizzes about music all in one place. UI is presented via a bright color scheme and custom illustrations which make an app look original. The background of a home page applies geometric shapes which change their place and colors when users swipe through the screen.

 

NGIN App

 

car app interface

 

NGIN is the conceptual application for smart car control. The app automates the process of regular data collection informing users about the technical state of the vehicle and conditions of its exploitation. The presented screen gives the user basic current stats like average speed, distance, fuel consumption and useful notifications. The animation shows the interactions with the graph curve of the speed for the chosen period and the notification which features glitch effect to add a bit of fun and support the general stylistic concept.

 

Home Budget App

 

home budget web interface

 

home budget interface animation

 

Home Budget application allows users to manage their expenses and incomes, creating the extended database for tracking financial flows and changes getting comprehensive stats. The animation makes interactions and navigation more intuitive despite a significant amount of data.

 

The second concept shows interaction with the feed of financial operations for the current day and the hamburger menu.

 

Food App

 

recipe card UI animation

 

This is a mobile application providing users with database of recipes. It helps to find recipes on the basis of the supplies users currently have at home or create a shopping list to buy ingredients that are missing. The concept shows the process of interactions with recipe cards. Users can choose the right card with a side swipe. Unobtrusive and elegant animation during the first interaction can prompt about the additional functionality that is hidden under the card and available on swipe down. For this project, designers offered several variants of the layout and motion — check them in a case study.


As you can see, animation can become an effective solution for various problems in user interface design. Well-crafted motion components can improve the navigation and make the interactive process even more user-friendly.

 

Recommended reading

 

UI Animation: Eye-Pleasing, Problem-Solving.

Creative Motion: 12 Concepts of Interface Animation.

UI in Action. 15 Animated Design Concepts of Mobile UI.

Animated Interactions. Motion on Purpose.

UI Animation. Microinteraction for Macroresult.

Interface Animation. The Force of Motion.

Case Study: Toonie. UI Animation Development.


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design for business tubik blog

UX Design for B2B: Businesslike Strategies and Tips.

User experience design for business is getting more and more expressions today. A great diversity of companies make an important decision to come into play and fight for online presence. Various services are now available and executed online. In these conditions, designers working on the projects in this perspective, have to keep in mind the variety of business relations to offer the solutions corresponding the specific client’s goals. Continuing the theme of creating web and mobile products, today we suggest discussing the issues of design for the sphere of B2B services.

 

What is B2B?

 

B2B is the term used in business, marketing and economy to mark the relations of the sides in the business process like «business-to-business». B2B means that one company provides products or services aimed at the other companies’ business activities. The target audience of the offer is not individual customers but businesses. The nature of relations has a direct impact on business process, strategy, promotion and therefore any design stages involved in this scope. Not going far, if we are talking about outsourced design and development services, they are a direct example of B2B.

 

To get this example deeper, let’s imagine the company which sells physical goods to end consumers, let’s say, casual clothes. They need a website which will provide quite broad functionality for a big amount of users. The stakeholders monitor the market for web services and find out that hiring an outsource company for design and development is cheaper and more convenient for them than creating an in-company department for this purpose. This is the start of B2B relations as a digital agency provides their services for another business — a clothes shop — so that it could start e-commerce activity.

 

People involved in the design process for products and services have to consider the types of relations chosen for the particular project. Actually, the type of business scheme initially defines the target audience and nature of interactions which are key factors for efficient and user-friendly design solutions. Designing for business should supposedly involve methods of visual and content presentation which are different from the one presented directly to end users. It’s easy to see by examples of numerous landing pages: the ones aimed at companies use content, language, visual and graphic elements, placement of data blocks different from those which are targeted at individual buyers or users.

 

Neglecting the aspect of business relations increases the risk of creating the design which will not provide high conversion rate even being sophisticated, stylish and attractive visually. The psychological background behind design solutions has to support a particular business schemes or strategy. Here in Tubik, we have had broad experience of design for all the mentioned schemes so below you will find some ideas we would like to share on the basis of that practice.

 

design for business

 

Aspects to consider in design for B2B

 

Designing for B2B, it’s important to remember that:

— design solutions should consistently strengthen branding and company policy. The quality of design says much to the potential clients which the interface has to attract. A good dress is a card of invitation, a good mind is a letter of recommendation — it worked years ago and it still works now. Quality of design created for a website of B2B service is actually an integral part of their image and therefore profits. Remember, that B2B differs from B2C: the stakes, as well as the expenses, are higher, the number of leads can be limited with the specific nature of services, the decisions about the deal may take weeks and even month before they are agreed upon. The website or app design must present the company or service as highly-professional from the first seconds of the interaction and visual perception.  It should build a reliable bridge between the sides looking for collaboration. That’s why businessmen in this sphere are recommended to involve professional designers into the process while designers have to do their best to understand the business goals and research target audience.

 

— people become more and more open and sociable, not only in personal but also in professional aspects, and social networks present the great ground for that aim. Implementation of design elements in social network marketing of B2B company, using the same style, voice, corporate colors and graphics, specially designed branded items and the like is one more way to strengthen brand awareness by means of design. Design has to be consistent whenever the B2B company is presented: headers and banners, logos, style of photos in social network account and on the website need to feature the same stylistic approach. In this way, design makes branding more recognizable, comprehensive and solid.

 

— consistent and a thought-out content strategy combining visual and textual material with the careful selection of visuals and copy is able to fulfill all the stages of sales funnel and bring better conversion of the website, landing page or application of B2B company;

 

— concise and minimalistic solutions in design and copywriting work efficiently in most cases because they save time and effort of busy stakeholders and entrepreneurs. The effective variant of scenario can take place when they are given concise core information at the first stage of interaction but always have the chance to read more if they are interested (as well as avoid reading huge copy blocks if they don’t want). Certainly, this solution should be based on thorough user research, but it has a high potential to make user experience positive;

 

— business is done differently in different countries. It should be always considered together with the nature of business relations as the factor making a considerable impact on the level of trust and wish to collaborate. Selection of graphic content and layout of the elements on the screen or page should go under analysis in this perspective as some graphic elements, photos, gestures, word combinations, color choices which are efficient and clear for one region or culture can be totally unacceptable or even offensive for the others. Creation of several landing pages targeted locally can be an effective solution;

 

— the aim of a website or other piece of design presenting B2B company is not to grow a huge flow of traffic but to engage and direct leads which belong to the target audience and are potentially open to take part in business collaboration or partnership good for both sides. It’s important to keep in mind that retaining customers, in this case, plays not less role than involving them in the game.

ux_design_practices_article

 

Design strategies for B2B

 

The strategies mentioned below may work not only for B2B but for any kind of interfaces aimed at business. Still, in B2B their role in getting profit may be more significant.

 

Get CTA elements seen instantly. Call-to-action buttons should be perfectly visible. Doesn’t it work that way for any kind of website, not only B2B? Yes, you are right. But in B2B the price of a click is much higher while visitors are often horribly busy and don’t tend to spend much time looking for a button on the page. Apply color, shape or orientation contrast, test the most effective placement and think over the copy on it — all that stuff may have a crucial effect on conversion rates.

 

Make value proposition noticeable. Getting to the website, the visitors should immediately understand why it is beneficial to them. Don’t make them search for the reason to cooperate with this B2B service — they won’t do it. Use the catchy slogan or tagline which will express the value proposition briefly and clearly, and take care of its visual performance. Typographic hierarchy will help user’s eye to catch it first, appropriate fonts will add the mood and style to the message.

 

Don’t overwhelm users with information: prioritize content. There is a big temptation for a business to show all its strong sides at maximum. However, it may lead to the website with a huge amount of data which might get the visitor confused, annoyed or frightened. It is especially hard in the cases when visual hierarchy isn’t thought-out and tested properly: the pages risk transforming into a mess which cannot be scanned quickly. So, prioritization is both designer’s and user’s friend here: apply design techniques and layout which will strengthen the visual performance of the core information.

 

Make copy blocks digestible. The debates around the theme of copy blocks are still hot and actual: which copy is better, long or short? Actually, both may be effective. As we mentioned in the article devoted to landing pages, a decision on the amount of copy has to be based on thorough research and testing as it directly and highly influences conversions.  For example, if it presents a famous company product or service or informs about special offers, sometimes short and concise copy is enough to encourage users to buy or know more. However, if a new unknown product or service is presented, it may be important to provide users with more information persuading them to follow the call to action. Whatever is the decision, the copy content should be given in scannable blocks which aren’t too big so that the user didn’t think reading will take too much time. Scanning the blocks allows for faster understanding if the copy brings useful information.

 

Keep core data available from the pre-scroll area. Users usually decide on staying on the website or leaving it very quickly. It is really a matter of minutes or even seconds. That is why all the key information would better be seen in the pre-scroll area, including the value proposition and ability to contact the duty holders. 

 

Activate the power of color psychology. Colors present the great support in sending the right message. Being attentive to target audience’s preferences, designers can select the colors not only on the basis of their nice looks but also color psychology which explains associations people have with colors.

 

Apply catchy visuals sending a message. A picture is worth a thousand words — and that’s not just because it’s more appealing or beautiful but also because in the vast majority of cases, it is perceived faster than words. Moreover, the attractive visual content, be it a photo, illustration or poster may become another source of informing the user about the value proposition provided by the company.

 

Consider promo video content. Promo videos present the popular trend in business schemes now as they enable to inform users about the value propositions and benefits in the fast and original way. However, it may influence the loading speed of the page so this decision needs to be well-weighed.

 

Apply landing pages for special offers. Landing pages allow for focusing user’s attention on the specific information instead of making them search for it around the website. It is especially important is the sales funnel starts out of the website.

 

Don’t forget about the testimonials and signs of trust. Word-of-mouth is the best advertising, especially in the B2B sphere. Making a decision on collaboration, people tend to consider references, testimonials and other signs of trust from the previous clients as positive factors. So, make sure they are available and easily found.

 

Let users contact duty holders from any point of their journey. Contacts can be presented in various formats. They can reveal the data such as phone number and location, emails, links to messengers, contact forms and instant chat window. Making the phone numbers clickable is supportive as many users now browse from their smartphones and may want to call right from there. The address can be also clickable opening the screenshot or map showing how to find the location. The solutions have to be based on thoughtful user research setting target audience’s expectations, level of tech literacy and the most convenient ways of contact for them. 

 

usability_interfaces_ux_design_tubik

 

Hopefully, the mentioned strategies will help not only designers but also entrepreneurs who want to know more about design issues influencing profitability. Soon, we will share more posts devoted to other numerous aspects of design for business.

 

Recommended reading

 

UX Design for E-Commerce: Principles and Strategies.

The Role of Branding in UI Design

Business-Oriented Design. Know Your Target.

Short but Vital. Key Abbreviations in Design for Business.

Business Terms in Design for E-Commerce. Sales Basics.

Two Types of User Motivation: Design to Satisfy.

Sell Like Hotcakes: UI Designs for E-Commerce.

Feel Homey. Handy Tips for Home Page Design.

Landing Page. Direct Flight to High Conversion.

11 Profitable Strategies for E-commerce UI Design


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Welcome to read or download free e-books about Design for Business and Problem-Solving Web Design

CTA buttons design tips tubik blog

Call for Attention. Powerful CTA Button Design.

An effective interaction system of a digital product consists of small elements which have their tasks and functions. To make the sufficient system, it’s vital to pay attention to all the details.

 

Buttons are core interactive components of user interfaces which play a significant role in the quality UX as well as conversion rates of websites and applications. UI buttons vary according to their features and can be divided into different types. A new article is devoted to the type called call-to-action (CTA) buttons covering their essence, role in the intuitive navigation and the importance of business goals. Let’s see what makes CTA buttons stand out from the crowd learning from the best practices.

 

mobile interaction design tubik blog

 

What’s a CTA button and why is it important?

 

A call-to-action (CTA) button is an interactive element of any user interface both web and mobile: its major aim is to induce people to take certain actions that present a conversion for a particular page or screen, for example purchase, contact, subscribe etc.

 

Traditionally, CTA buttons are easy to notice, even more, designers intentionally create them that way so that people couldn’t resist to clicking it. That’s why they are usually bold buttons containing microcopy with a particular call-to-action (e.g. “Learn more” or “Buy it now”) which encourages us to push it.

 

Lead generation and purchase rise are the basic business goals which calls-to-action can be created for. When a button design is compelling enough to immediately attract the attention of potential clients, it can entice them to click and go to the next stage such as filling a short contact form or making a preorder of a product.

 

ux_design_practices_article

 

This way website visitors and app users can be led through a sales funnel from one stage to another helping them to learn the details about the product or service. Even professionally worked out content may not guarantee the high level of user engagement. Without CTA buttons people are more likely to scan content quickly and just leave it untouched.

 

Some may think that a sufficient call-to-action button design applies only a big size and bright color to accomplish all its objectives. Still, there are much more aspects ensuring the effectiveness of CTAs. Let’s see what they are along with the practical examples of their appropriate usage.

 

choice of color in UI design

 

What makes a powerful CTA button?

 

Size

 

Size is one of the most common tools helping to divide UI components according to their importance. The bigger an element is, the more noticeable it becomes. Since CTAs’ prior goal is to draw users’ attention, designers usually try to make them stand out among the other buttons on the screen, especially via noticeable size.

 

Large buttons have high chances to be noticed and clicked still you have to keep some limits. A compelling call-to-action button is usually big enough to be quickly found but not too big so that the visual composition and hierarchy of the layout wouldn’t be spoiled. Market leaders often provide recommendations on the effective sizes of buttons in their guidelines. For example, Apple says that CTAs in mobile UI should be at least 44Х44 pixels, while Microsoft recommends 34Х26 pixels.

 

burger_app_ui_animation_tubik

 

Color and shape

 

Visually attractive size is only one aspect of a powerful CTA. To make the buttons even more noticeable it’s vital to choose sufficient color and shape. The thing is that human mood and behavior highly relates to the visual surroundings. Our mind reacts to colors and shapes while we usually do not notice it. The moment our eyes perceive a color, they connect with the brain which gives signals to the endocrine system releasing hormones responsible for the shifts in mood and emotions. Psychology science has specific branches devoted the influence of different colors and shapes on our consciousness. In our previous articles, we described the role of this impact on the design solution. Here are brief guides on the common meaning which colors and shapes have.

 
Color meanings:
 

  • Red. Confidence, youth, and power.
  • Orange. Friendly, warm, and energetic.
  • Yellow. Happiness, optimism, and warmth.
  • Green. Peace, growth, and health.
  • Blue. Trust, security, and stability.
  • Purple. Luxurious, creative, and wise.
  • Black. Reliable, sophisticated, and experienced.
  • White. Simple, calm, and clean.

 
Shape meanings:
 

  • Squares and rectangles meanings: discipline, strength, courage, security, reliability.
  • Triangles meanings: excitement, risk, danger, balance, stability.
  • Circles, ovals, and ellipses meanings: eternity, female, universe, magic, mystery.
  • Abstract shapes meanings: the duality of meaning, uniqueness, elaborate.

 

Traditionally, CTA buttons look like horizontal rectangles since people got used to perceiving this shape as clickable buttons. In addition, it is recommended to design CTAs with rounded corners because they are thought as they point inside of the button drawing attention to the copy.

 

Color choice depends on various aspects which make the process more complicated. Designers need to consider such factors as the basic color of the composition as well as potential preferences and psychological peculiarities of the target audience. There is one condition which is vital to keep in mind while choosing colors for CTA: buttons and background colors should be contrasting enough so that CTAs would stand out from the other UI components.

 

dating_app_landing_page_tubik

 

 

Placement

 

The placement of CTA buttons is crucial for their capability. If they are located in the areas where users’ eyes can’t catch them, other visual aspects such as color and size might not work efficiently. But how to understand what placement is more prosperous?

 

Lots of studies have shown that before reading a web page people scan it to get a sense of whether they are interested. Considering this fact, designers may learn the most prominent scannable areas and place call-to-actions within the user’s path.

 

According to different studies, including the publications by Nielsen Norman Group, UXPin team, and others, there are several popular scanning patterns for web pages, among which “F” and “Z” patterns.

 

F-pattern is the most common for web pages with big amount of content such as blogs, news platforms. A user first scans a horizontal line on the top of the screen, then moves down the page a bit and reads across the horizontal line which usually covers a shorter area. And the last one is a vertical line down on the left side of the copy where they look for keywords in the paragraphs’ initial sentences.

 

Z-pattern is a typical model of scanning for landing pages or websites not loaded with copy and not requiring scrolling down the page, which means that all the core data is visible in the pre-scroll area. A user first scans across the top of the page starting from the top left corner, looking for important information, and then goes down to the opposite corner at a diagonal, finishing with the horizontal line at the bottom of the page, again from left to right.

 

These patterns allow designers to place CTAs in the spots of highest attention, such as top corners and put the other points requiring attention along the top and bottom lines. Also, it is a good idea to place CTA buttons at the center of the layout, especially when it isn’t overloaded with other UI elements.

 

gourmet_herbs_website_design_tubik

 

Microcopy

 

Microcopy plays a significant role for the efficiency of call-to-action. It is defined as the small components of text which serve as hints for users. To be more specific, microcopy includes buttons and menu copy, error messages, security notes, terms and conditions, as well as any kind of instructions on product usage.

 

CTA microcopy is actually a call which tells users what action they will take if they click the button. The powerful CTA microcopy is usually short but consistent so that it could quickly catch users’ attention.

 

bright_vibe_calendar_app_ui_tubik

 

Call-to-action buttons are one of the most powerful sales tools in e-commerce and an influential factor of good conversion of a page or screen. Designers need to understand the importance of CTAs and pay deep attention to all the details having an impact on their performance. Follow Tubik Blog to get more tips on CTA design.

 

Recommended reading

 

UI/UX Design Glossary. Navigation Elements.
UX Design Glossary: Interface Navigation Elements. Set 2.
7 Tips to Enhance Mobile Interactions
3C of Interface Design: Color, Contrast, Content.
9 Effective Tips on Visual Hierarchy
Take It Easy: Tips for Effort-Saving User Interfaces.


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strategies for ecommerce ui design

11 Profitable Strategies for E-Commerce UI Design

Ratings of e-commerce are booming and rocketing. People are getting more and more confident in buying things online. The report by BigCommerce on customers buying habits in 2016-2017 shows really interesting stats about online shopping:

 

  • 51% of Americans prefer to shop online
  • 96% of Americans with internet access have made an online purchase in their life, 80% in the past month alone
  • E-commerce is growing 23% year-over-year, yet 46% of American small businesses do not have a website
  • Online orders increase 8.9% in Q3 2016, but average order value (AOV) increased only 0.2% — indicating that transactional growth is outpacing total revenue.

 

The numbers above still haven’t stopped their increasing. That wouldn’t be reasonable for any business to ignore such global trends having a great impact on profits and reaching customers. For the last couple of years here in Tubik we see the obvious and logical growth of interest from big and small businesses in establishing their presence online via websites and/or mobile applications. Based on our experience and the research of the sphere, today we offer you the article telling a bit more about strategies and best practices in UI design for e-commerce.

 

So, let’s start with the 11 points which are important to consider when you are designing e-commerce user interfaces.

 

ux design for ecommerce tubik blog

 

1. Make the branding instantly visible

 

From the business perspective, branding is a crucial thing: it enables to provide a product, company or service with a recognizable face and personality.  In general terms, branding means a sort of image created via a set of distinguishing features and promoting awareness and recognizability of the product or service on the market.

 

Branding tends to be essential in an e-commerce user interface design, especially if stakeholders want to use the digital product as the additional flow of customer attraction. Moreover, identity integrated thoughtfully into the interface is the effective way to increase brand awareness. The time taken for proper market and user research, target audience definition, competition analysis and development of brand identity on the basis of all that data by a professional designer is a worthy investment. If that’s done before launching the process of UI design, the product gets higher chances of becoming recognizable faster and easier.

 

In this case, UI designer working on the interface, its color palette, shapes, types and fonts, illustrations and icons, will consider design solutions appropriate and corresponding to the general branding concept of the product that will make them mutually supporting each other. It provides more natural and harmonic feeling of the brand in general and the particular interface as an integral part of this brand.

 

There are numerous ways to add branding to the interface, still some layout zones and elements which have the highest potential in this issue:

 

Headers. In the article about website header design, we showed in detail that headers present the area of high visibility. So putting strategically important elements of branding in it is a good way to strengthen its memorability.

 

Splash screens. In mobile applications, splash screen or welcome screen is the first screen seen by a user while the application is loading and starting. It’s a good idea to use a logo, mascot or any other thing setting the instant visual connection with a brand. Moreover, adding a bit of wow-effect with slight stylish animation, it’s easy to make the sign even more attractive and memorable.

 

Preloaders and pull-to-refresh indicators. These are the elements which show the flow of the current loading process on the app or website. Branding applied elegantly in them can add much into the consistency of both UI and identity design.

 

MascotsMascots are images, usually personified, which often represent the brand, product or service identity and can be its symbolic convention in all the application or website. Mascots push the limits of personification and give the chance to create the unexpected combinations of elements or make fantastic and non-existing characters alive. A mascot becomes the element of identity and inter-connector between the user and the product. In many cases, it is the basic element of communication and interaction delivering the necessary message to the user.

 

jewellery ecommerce app UI

 

2. Set clear and easy navigation as the core task

 

In the article on UX design for ecommerce, we stated: whatever an amazing website or app is, whatever the stylish and trendy design and breathtaking images it features, its success will be measured not by the number of «wows». The efficiency is analyzed simply — by the number of complete purchases. If users don’t buy, design means nothing while stakeholders lose their money. Clear intuitive navigation plays the premier violin here. At every step of interaction, users need to understand clearly plenty of simple things, like:

  • what company or brand they are dealing with
  • what page they are at
  • where the menu is
  • how they can get back to home page or catalog
  • where the search and filters are
  • how long the page-loading process is going to take
  • how they can see the detailed information about the item
  • how they can choose between the option for the same item (color, size etc.)
  • how they can pay for the item
  • how they can save the items they would like to get back to later
  • how they can contact the seller
  • how they can see the rating and reviews of previous buyers etc.

 

gourmet_website_interactions_tubik

 

3. Check the scannability of the page or screen

 

As it was already mentioned, users don’t usually read and observe all the content on the page or screen from the starting point: instead, they start from quick scanning to understand if it contains something they need or want. Knowing the eye-tracking models, Gestalt principles and laws of visual hierarchy, designers and information architects can put the core data and interaction elements to the zones of high and natural visibility.

 

Calls to action (CTA), in particular, should be instantly seen in the first seconds on the page or screen. In the interfaces for e-commerce, CTA elements are the core factor of effective interaction with the product playing the crucial role in usability and navigability and therefore in getting profits. When all the path of interaction and transitions is built clearly for users but CTA element is not thought-out, placed or designed well, users can get confused and will need to take additional effort trying to achieve their goals. That increases the risk of poor conversion rate and general user experience.

 

4. Minimize user’s efforts whenever its possible

 

The respect to the customer lies not in pouring out your thanks. The real respect is in saving users’ time and effort day in and day out. Here are some design practices which can make the interface effort-saving:

 

Show related products. Seen on the item page as recommendations close to the features of this particular product can make the process of search and browsing much faster for users. However, it’s vital to check together with developers that this section really works according to the algorithm which shows suitable items, not random ones.

 

Strive for a minimal number of clicks. If going from page to page or jumping from screen to screen is not a part of the journey into the sales funnel, save every users’ click possible. Too many operations are tiring and annoying which is a kind of negative emotion. And emotions have a huge influence on user experience and make retaining users much harder.  Minimize the number of clicks on the way of choosing and buying whenever it’s possible — this way you respect user’s time better than politest words of thanks.

 

Simplify the sign-in process. Imagine the situation when you got to the amazing website selling the goods of your dream, and they are presented in such a stylish way that you want to buy them at once. But when you click the button «Buy», you are taken to the huge long from which you have to fill in to register on that website. That will cool down your hot wish to buy everything right here, right now, isn’t it? You change from the state «Take my money, give me that» to «Really? 20 points to fill in before I can buy?» in split seconds. Not all the users will survive that transformation and the website or app will lose a part of buyers. So, it’s necessary to make the sign-in/log-in process as simple as possible.

 

User shape and color marking to group the items or types of content. Color and shape codes enable designers to apply Gestalt principle of similarity not only on one screen or page but on the whole app or website. Color or shape markers simplify navigation and keep the consistency of design enabling users to remember the prompts and find the content they want easily. For e-commerce platforms which are usually full of numerous items, it can make the interface much more user-friendly.

 

Check that perception of the layout is natural and harmonic for the human eye. There are numerous things that have an impact on decision-making, and harmony is one of them. Eye-tensing color combinations, unreadable or not combining fonts, aggressive background, intrusive pop-ups or animations, annoying sounds or pages loading for ages — any point of that stuff can spoil the experience quickly and move users away.

 

Bakery website design case study tubik

 

5. Don’t go too far experimenting

 

There are many articles and videos calling creative people to hear their heart, trust their guts and think out-of-the-box. However, design is not just pure creativity striving to show all the power of original solutions. First of all, it the way to solve the problem and make users happier. So, it’s vital to look at the interface from user’s perspective and find the way to make interactions that will provide the smooth and easy way to conversion. In the article on home page design strategies we mentioned: the website is made not for creative contests or gallery of fame but for real users. The positive impact of habit in terms of user experience can be stronger than the wish of revolution. Surely, the dose of uniqueness is needed, but not so much to knock down the user. In e-commerce UI design, often aimed at quite a diverse target audience, too much of revolution might confuse and scare: do I really need to buy this thing, a user may think, if it’s so hard to get it? Study the interaction patterns and typical products for that particular target audience to make their habits their power. And don’t forget to check that all the icons on the screen don’t have a double meaning. Strive for the balance between innovation and traditions.

 

6. Use landing pages for specific purposes

 

For business aims and profits rate, this tip may bring crucial changes. E-commerce UI design principles are usually based on dealing complex websites or apps which are filled in with a variety of information. So, the approach of directing all the traffic from outer sources to the home page can be a step killing profitability and reducing conversion rates. Users might get overwhelmed, distracted or even annoyed with the amount of data they have to process finding what they need, especially if they are focused on a particular narrow goal presented in the source they come from. Using landing pages when you need to concentrate user’s attention on something specific can solve this problem efficiently. Landing page is focused on one item, to make it quickly found and reduce delays when target user seeks for specific operations, services or items. This is the issue of especially high importance in the case of e-commerce websites when unwise design solutions bring to poor user experience and financial losses.

 

web design UI tubik studio

 

7. Make the homepage informative

 

Home page can satisfy multiple functions: it’s a card of invitation, a starting point of the journey around the website, a storage of the vital links and data, and a strategic asset for marketing goals. In the majority of cases, it is the first visual and emotional touch to the website. Certainly, design is one of the core ways to make this touch gentle, smart and helpful. With all the progress the World Wide Web has witnessed, this position doesn’t change: home page often defines if a user goes further around the website, not only by beauty and style but first of all by information which is looked for. Making it accessible, noticeable and clear, designers grow the chances of positive user experience.

 

In general, home page can include the following data:

  • the nature of the website
  • brand or company identity elements
  • internal search
  • links to the core interaction zones
  • contact data and links to social networks
  • signs of trust (testimonials, reviews, big numbers of presence in social networks etc)
  • for e-commerce websites, it can be visual presentation of bestselling and/or exclusive items, for example, specific books, toys, clothing, equipment etc.

 

The solution which of the mentioned points are going to be included and how they are going to be spread on the layout should depend on the goals set for the website and the research of target audience.

 

bookshop website animation

 

8. Apply high-quality images giving the message

 

Images take a big part in usability: as the vast majority of users are visually driven, images become the hook points of getting basic data about the website or app. They present the part of the content which is both informative and emotionally appealing. The level of detail and functionality allow classifying the images in user interfaces into types, among which:

 

— photos: theme photos creating the appropriate mood and setting the message, demonstration photos, photos of the items, title photos for blog articles and pages of special offers etc.

— illustrations: custom illustrations in graphic interface design can look both informative and original allowing the design to stand out of the competition.

— hero banners: applied mostly in web design, they are big images which are usually the first visual element catching user’s attention in the initial seconds of interaction; they usually give the attractive visual presentation of the main content of the resource.

— icons: these are small but meaningful pictograms which are informative and support data exchange between the informer and addressee. Icons play the key role in providing clear and intuitive navigation, but they should be checked on proper clarity and the absence of double meanings.

— mascots: images, usually personified, representing the brand, product or service identity.

— visual identity elements: various visual signs of branding like logos, custom lettering for brand name and/or slogan etc.

florist shop website design

 

 

9. Think about promotional videos of different kinds

 

There are several common types of promotional videos:

 

  • introduction video (the first insights on the company, product, or brand showing its benefits for users)
  • product presentation videos (details about product’s features and advantages, special steps of interactions and the problem-solving potential of the product)
  • landing page videos (strengthening the message driving users to a particular call-to-action offered on the page)
  • video testimonials (the reasons and signs of trust and loyalty to the company, brand or product)
  • entertaining and educational videos (rising emotional appeal and often presenting the material for viral marketing).

 

All the mentioned types can serve efficiently for marketing goals and increase brand awareness. A creative and catchy video is a good way of attracting customers’ attention and the proven method of informing them quickly and brightly. A video activates several channels of perception — audio, visual, sound — simultaneously and usually do it in a way of telling a story. People are daily overloaded with tons of information of all kinds, so most of them aren’t ready to devote much time learning about products or services, especially the new ones. In these conditions, video can become the way of communication which is dynamic, informative and attractive. However, the technical side should be double-checked so that the video was integrated correctly and didn’t overload the page.

 

10. Let the user contact the duty holders from any point of interaction

 

The most popular placement for contact information is footer, the bottom part of the page. However, if any kind of contact data is core for conversion, it’s logical to put in the pre-scroll area or even a header. For example, on an e-commerce website, presents the online shop, users may want to call more frequently and this ability will have a direct impact on conversion rate. Anyway, the contact data should be available at any point users may need it. Among others, it is one of the factors influencing the level of trust to the website.

 

Contacts can be presented in various formats. They can reveal the data such as a phone number and location, emails, links to messengers, contact forms and instant chat window. Making the phone numbers clickable is supportive as many users now browse from their smartphones and may want to call right from there. The address can be also clickable opening the screenshot or map showing how to find the location. The solutions have to be based on thoughtful user research setting target audience’s expectations, level of tech literacy and ways of contact which are the most convenient for them. For instance, if your target audience is teenagers, just giving the phone number may be not effective as they really stick to messengers and social networks. At the same time, if your users are elderly people, social networks may not work in comparison to a phone number.

 

11. Add gamification

 

Gamification integrated into digital products is a great way to stimulate users’ extrinsic motivation, which is mostly a seek of reward, which can be tangible (money, prizes, diplomas, certificates, trophies, medals etc.) and intangible (praise, support, recognition etc.). So, challenges, leaderboards, rewards for loyalty and big orders, discounts, badges, coupons, stickers and all the other stuff of that kind can become great stimuli for users to not only start interaction with a website or app but also stay there and buy regularly.

 

badges illustration tubik studio

 

The offered e-commerce UI design examples and strategies, for sure, do not cover the whole scope of issues to consider in this fields. However, they can serve as a useful checklist or a source of UI design inspiration for those who aim at creating user-friendly platforms supporting business goals. No doubt, best UI design for e-commerce website is the one which leaves a buyer happy and brings profits to the stakeholders. 

 

Recommended reading

 

UX Design for E-Commerce: Principles and Strategies.

The Role of Branding in UI Design

Business-Oriented Design. Know Your Target.

Short but Vital. Key Abbreviations in Design for Business.

Business Terms in Design for E-Commerce. Sales Basics.

Two Types of User Motivation: Design to Satisfy.

Sell Like Hotcakes: UI Designs for E-Commerce.

Feel Homey. Handy Tips for Home Page Design.

Landing Page. Direct Flight to High Conversion.


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Welcome to read or download free e-books about Design for Business and Problem-Solving Web Design

tubik studio sport fitness app design

Keep Fit. UI Design for Fitness Apps.

A professional athlete Billie Jean King once said: “Sports teaches you character, it teaches you to play by the rules, it teaches you to know what it feels like to win and lose — it teaches you about life.” Sports has become a part of our routine a long time ago. Even more, today a healthy lifestyle is a top trend which constantly grows its popularity across the world.

 

Fitness apps are the key helpers for people who strive to get fit. Their functionality gives a lot of opportunities and makes keeping fit easier. Understanding the significant impact of these applications on users’ everyday life, designers do their best to activate the problem-solving potential of fitness apps. Today’s article describes common screens and essential UI elements for fitness apps.

 

sport app motion ui tubik studio

Sports App Interactions

 

Sign-in and profile screen

 

Fitness app is something like a pocket instructor telling you what to do and gives a feedback on your achievements. To make it more comfortable and personalized, designers need to create an effective profile UI.

 

Before users obtain their profiles they usually go through the sign-in process. Fitness apps, as well as the other ones, can allow logging in via social networks still there are some aspects which users have to fill in to create a personalized profile. The applications usually require the personal data including age, gender, weight, and height which helps to define users’ physical condition. Profile creation is often similar to filling in an application form. This way users can easily provide the needed information to make a profile more personalized.

 

The major objective of a fitness app is to help users in their self-improvement, the reason why profiles should contain not only the personal data but also the user’s achievements such as the number of burnt calories or personal records in sports. It’s important to not to overload the profile screen with the unnecessary information otherwise user interface may look chaotic.

 

Home screen

 

It’s a core element for any type of apps. Home screens serve as the main point where users start the journey within a product. Creating UI for home screen designers need to think of it as a center of navigation and make sure users will be able to operate it easily. 

 

First of all, home screen should provide access to the other parts of the app. Designers can choose various ways of the presentation from a sidebar with minimalistic icons to the clickable subheaders leading to the different sections of app content. The choice often depends on the number of features provided by the product as well as the platform which it is meant for.

 

Activity screen

 

People who aim at getting fit always have to do various physical activities. Fitness apps provide users with the feature which helps to track how active they are during a day. To make a sufficient UI for activity screen, designers include different kinds of activities and sports. Traditionally, fitness apps provide tracking time spent on sports as well as measuring the distance which users cover during a day. The distance can be calculated in two ways: walking is measured by the number of steps and running is usually measured in miles (kilometers).

 

The information about users’ activity is often presented via diagrams of various forms. Such presentation contributes the effective visual perception of the data which includes many numerals. Also, designers often apply custom icons representing each kind of activity. This way the screen looks clean and neat even if users have a really active life.

 

fitness_app_ui_landscape_tubik

Fitness App

 

Heart rate screen

 

The heart is an engine which lets our body live and function, so it’s important to follow its condition daily. Many fitness apps can be connected to the various devices such as fitness wearables which allow measuring pulse. The applications usually transfer the data gathered with devices on a heart rate screen.

 

User interface representing the feature should be simple with the minimum of elements so that it could be easily operated. Since the process of pulse measuring takes some time it may be a good idea to supply the UI with sufficient animation which will show the loading process. For example, motion designers can animate an illustration of the heart showing it beats. Custom illustrations along with motion design can make UI look more proficient and make the process of the pulse measuring more interactive.

 

Sleep tracking screen

 

Nice sleep is a guarantee of the human health. Sportspeople know it better than anyone else and always try to control the time and quality of their sleep. Fitness apps show the gathered information during a night which includes the time and stages of sleep. There are four stages of sleep: the first and the second are called light sleep, the third is deep sleep and the fourth is rem sleep. The applications track these stages and in the morning users can see the statistics. The data on sleep is often shown as graphs.

 

Calories screen

 

They say that fitness people are obsessed with calories. Well, there is truth in the words because if you want to get fit it’s vital to control what and how much you eat. As we said above, fitness applications show the information on the number of burnt calories based on the activity results. The calories data can be displayed on the activity screen as well as on the personal profile. However, it may be an effective solution to create a separate screen to provide users with the expanded information on the lost calories.

 

Sport app UI design

Sports App

 

Progress screen

 

To stay motivated and continue self-improvement, it’s important to know that the hard work gives results. The progress screen shows the statistics about users achievements along with failures. Here the graphs will be the best choice. If people have the progress, they see that their results are getting better and the scales on the graphs go higher.

 

Schedule screen

 

There can be many sports activities in different time and different places so the schedule seems to be essential in this situation. The screen of schedule is standardized, but to make it unique and original, designers can add some interesting icons representing various sports directions.

 

Goals screen

 

Goals move us to achieve more and more, especially if we talk about fitness. People start doing sport because they have some goals like losing weight or shaping up. In fitness applications, users set maybe a bit less radical goals but easier to achieve on a regular basis. They often include walking a certain number of steps per day or week along with burning the fixed amount of calories.

 

The screen of goals can be presented as a sheet divided into categories: to do, doing, done. This way users will see how much they have managed to achieve and what they need to strive for. In addition, designers can settle the system of awards which will help users be even more motivated. We’ve already described awards as effective gamification tools which contribute increasing user engagement. You can find detailed info in our previous articles.

 

tubik_studio_bebright_app

BeBright App

 

The sport requires persistence and fortitude and so does the creation of sufficient UI design. Learn the basics, add some inspiration and you can surprise yourself. Stay tuned!

 

Recommended reading

 

If you want to learn more about common screens for various mobile apps, here is the list of helpful articles revealing tips on mobile UI design and its components.

Mobile UI Design: 15 Basic Types of Screens.

Feel the Beat. UI Design for Music Streaming Services.

Spectacular Design. Elements of Cinema App UI.

 

fitness_app_ui_design_article


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tips on visual hierarchy in design

9 Effective Tips on Visual Hierarchy

Sufficient visual hierarchy is a foundation of a successful digital product. It helps to organize UI elements in an effective way so that content would be easy to comprehend and pleasant to see. The presentation of visual elements has a great impact on user experience. If the components are organized wisely, users navigate and interact with a product without efforts and enjoy the process.

 

So, what makes powerful visual hierarchy? Of course, different kinds of products require different methods of building it still there are some common solutions helpful for UI content organization. Today’s article provides useful tips on creating the compelling visual hierarchy for web and mobile products.

 

Keep business goals in mind

 

There are often business goals standing behind a digital product. To achieve them, creative team needs to work out which UI elements are more important and prioritize them according to their roles. For example, all the elements on e-commerce websites perform the tasks of various levels. The item images are usually the main eye-catchers since they have to encourage customers to consider it. A heading goes after the image explaining what it is and the next important stage is a CTA button calling people to buy an item. By considering business and marketing goals set for the website or app, the creative team can effectively prioritize visual content and make a product stand out the crowd.

 

design agency landing page

Design Agency Landing Page

 

Consider scanning patterns

 

In our previous articles, we mentioned that before reading a web page people scan it to get a sense of whether they are interested. Different studies, including the ones by Nielsen Norman Group , have revealed several popular scanning patterns among which “F” and “Z”-shaped.

 

F-pattern appears mainly on digital pages or screens with the big amount of content such as blogs, news platforms etc. Users’ eyes move in F-shape: first, they scan a horizontal line on the top of the screen, then move down the page a bit and read across the shorter horizontal line, finishing with the vertical line down on the left side of the copy where people look for keywords in the paragraphs’ initial sentences.

 

Z-shaped pattern takes place on the pages which are not so heavily concentrated on copy or those which don’t require scrolling down. The pattern is the following: people first scan across the head of the page starting from the top left corner, searching for core information, and then go down to the opposite corner at a diagonal, finishing with the horizontal line at the bottom of the page from its left to right.

 

Knowing these patterns designers organize content putting all the core UI elements on the most scanned spots to draw users’ attention.

 

Functionality first

 

The visual hierarchy may seem to be oriented only to the aesthetic aspects but it’s not like that. First of all, by structuring and organizing visual elements designers need to make sure a product is clear to use and the navigation works right. The visual hierarchy which is built exceptionally on aesthetics can’t work effectively. User interface with the badly structured content leads to the bad UX. So, while building visual hierarchy designers need to consider functions of UI elements and a role they play in the navigation process.

 

landing page UI design tubik studio

Seafood Recipes Landing Page

 

White space is a visual element

 

White space, or negative space, is not just an area between design elements, it is actually a core component of each visual composition. It is a tool able to make all the user interface elements noticeable to users’ eyes. Designers can group or separate UI components so that they could create the effective layout. Moreover, negative space helps to emphasize particular elements which require deep attention from users. White space is an effective instrument for creating visual hierarchy so designers need to work on its balanced usage.

 

landing page web design

Colony Landing Page

 

Apply the golden ratio

 

We devoted one of our latest articles to the golden ratio applied in design. It is a mathematical proportion of the elements of different sizes which is thought to be the most aesthetically pleasing for human eyes. The proportion equals 1:1.618 and it is often illustrated with seashell-shaped spirals which many of you could have probably seen.

 

Designers often apply golden ratio at the stage of wireframing. It helps to plan a structure for the layout placing and sizing user interface elements in the right proportion which will be pleasant for users.

 

golden ratio in ui design

Tracking Widget

 

Use a grid

 

A grid is one of the key tools applied at the different stages of the creative process and visual hierarchy is not an exception. A grid helps to structure all the components and put them into the appropriate sizes and proportion. What’s more, designers can effectively work with the negative space since a grid shows if the elements are placed proportionally and even.

 

Add some colors

 

Color choice and combinations are essential for visual hierarchy as they help users to distinguish the core elements. The thing is that colors have their own hierarchy which is defined by the power of influence on users’ mind. There are bold colors such as red and orange as well as the weak ones like white and cream. Bold colors are easy to notice so designers often use them as the means of highlighting or setting contrast.

 

Moreover, applying one color to the several elements you can show that they are somehow connected. For example, you can choose a red color for purchase buttons so that people could intuitively find them when they need.

 

financial_service_website_tubik

Financial Service Website

 

Pay attention to the fonts

 

Visual hierarchy includes a core subsection called typographic hierarchy which aims at modifying and combining fonts to build the contrast between the most meaningful and prominent copy elements which should be noticed first and ordinary text information. The fonts can be transformed by regulating sizes, colors, and families as well as their alignment. Different fonts can divide copy content into different levels so that users could perceive the information gradually. However, designers are recommended to keep the number of fonts within three since too many fonts look messy and make the design inconsistent.

 

Three levels for web, two for mobile

 

As we mentioned above, different fonts form typographic levels which consist of such elements as headlines, subheaders, body copy, call-to-action elements, and captions. There are three typographic levels: primary, secondary, and tertiary. The first one includes the biggest type and aims at drawing people’s attention to the core information on the screen. The next level provides copy elements which are easily scanned and help users navigate through the content. The tertiary level usually applies body text and some additional data which is presented via relatively small type.

 

In many cases, web products include all three levels since they are more likely to provide the big amount of content. On the other hand, designers are recommended to keep the number of layers within two while creating typography for mobile. The small screens don’t provide enough space for three levels so the elements of a secondary level such as subheaders have to step aside to make mobile UI look clean.

 

UI animation wine app

WineYard App

 

Effective visual hierarchy is not only about aesthetics. It aims at providing problem-solving navigation and interaction systems as well as friendly user experience. To create a sufficient visual hierarchy, designers need to organize all UI elements considering the functionality and business goals.

 

Useful articles

 

The topic of visual hierarchy is wide and complex, so we gathered some helpful articles revealing various aspects.

 

Visual Hierarchy: Effective UI Content Organization.

Golden Ratio. Bring Balance in UI Design.

Take It Easy: Tips for Effort-Saving User Interfaces.

Tips on Applying Copy Content in User Interfaces

Information Architecture. Basics for Designers.

Typography in UI: Guide for Beginners.

 


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psychology of shapes in design tubik article

Knock Design into Shape. Psychology of Shapes.

The success of any visual composition highly relates to how people perceive it. There are many factors influencing human perception and the significant part goes to psychology. In one of our articles, we’ve already discussed the role of psychological principles in design and described how useful they can be on the way to understanding users.

 

The aspect which we want to cover in today’s article is called the psychology of shapes. Let’s see what this direction studies and how it can help designers in the creative process.

 

Psychology of shapes

 

All the visual objects can be analyzed in terms of shape. For example, an average house may be perceived as a rectangle with a triangle on the top and the sun is often presented like a circle with lines around it. People may not always notice what figures and shapes surround them still they have a great impact on our consciousness and behavior. The science studying the influence of shapes on people is known as the psychology of shapes.

 

The study claims that each shape has its own meaning and influences our mind and reactions differently. There are many psychological tests which are used to define the personality or mental condition via shapes. For example, a favorite figure can tell about person’s character traits, a quickly chosen shape can show what’s on the mind.

 

Many years of research and tests have helped professionals to define what meaning each shape typically brings and how it can influence human perception. Let’s take a closer look.

 

animated tutorial

Social network tutorial animation

 

Geometric shapes meaning

 

Hearing the word shape most people think about geometric figures first. There are plenty of geometric shapes which people see daily including squares, circles, rectangles and others. But what do they mean? Let’s see.

 

Squares and Rectangles

 

These two shapes are thought to be the most commonly used. We see them many and many times per a day. The walls and furniture, books or monitors, cell phones and cameras as well as many other everyday things have square or rectangular shape. Straight lines and right angles of these two shapes give a sense of reliability and security. People strongly associate squares and rectangles with buildings the reason why they bring the feeling of trust and authority.

 

Common meanings:

  • discipline
  • strength
  • courage
  • security
  • reliability

 

tubik_photo_app

Photo App

 

Triangles

Triangle is an energetic and dynamic shape which is always associated with motion and direction. The lines are placed that way so our eyes automatically move to the top of a triangle or in the direction it is placed. Triangles can have different meanings. An upright triangle brings the feelings of stability and balance but the reversed one looks risky and ready to fall giving people a sense of tense.

 

Common meanings:

  • excitement
  • risk
  • danger
  • balance
  • stability

 

Circles, ovals, and ellipses

 

The first and foremost meaning of this shape is the eternity since they have no beginning or end. The circle has a long association with the sun and Earth as well as other cosmic objects while ellipse is similar to the whole universe. That’s why round shapes may give the feeling of magic and mystery. In addition, unlike the previous shapes circles don’t have angles so it makes them softer and milder.

 

Common meanings:

  • eternity
  • female
  • universe
  • magic
  • mystery

 

tubik_art_courses_app

Art Courses App

 

Spirals

 

These shapes can be often seen in nature, for example, shells and some flowers, the reason why it’s often associated with the circle of life and growth. Also, in some cultures, spirals may represent the knowledge or information. In modern society, they are seen as a sign of creativity and a fresh mind.

 

Common meanings:

  • growth
  • creativity
  • calmness
  • intelligence

 

Big City Guide Madrid tubik

Big City Guide

 

Natural shapes meaning

 

All the things created by mother nature have their unique shape. Leaves, flowers, trees, animals, and many other representatives of flora and fauna become the source of inspiration for artists and designers. Natural shapes have clear meanings of the plants and animals which they symbolize. They often bring the feeling of refreshment and unity with the natural environment. In addition, animals and plants can also have their own characteristics and symbols. For example, a rose is a flower of love and passion, while a lion is a symbol of pride and bravery but this is another topic to discuss.

 

Common meanings:

  • originality
  • organic
  • balance
  • refreshment

 

andre landscape tubik studio logo design

Andre landscape logo option

 

Abstract shapes meaning

 

They are usually visual symbols of abstract ideas or simplified versions of natural shapes. Some abstract shapes can be too difficult to recognize because they are stylized and only small details give a hint to what it is. One abstract shape often has both direct and figurative meanings.It is often used in graphic design, especially for logos and icons. Abstract shapes are an effective way to transfer a message quickly without text.

 

Common meanings:

  • the duality of meaning
  • uniqueness
  • elaborate.

 

wedding_theme_website_ui_design_tubik

Wedding theme

 

How designers use psychology of shapes

 

Shapes are essential elements in all design directions. They can serve as components of a visual composition as well as a content organizing tool which divides or connects design elements into groups. To make the sophisticated design, experts need to consider the meaning of shapes and the impact which they have on users’ mind.

 

Graphic designers often deal with small but meaningful elements such as logo and icons. A powerful logo needs to convey the right message which would serve as the brand voice. If the shapes are chosen appropriately for a logo, they will assist to convey the right mood without additional words. For example, in case of a logo for a financial company, one of the approaches can be applying to apply the shapes which convey the feeling of trust and balance such as square or triangle.

 

Various shapes are often found in user interfaces of digital products. They can be used as buttons or icons as well as applied to organize the content on the layout. For instance, text blocks are often gathered in a rectangular or square shape which allows users to quickly scan copy. Using different shapes designers can create effective information architecture for a product. The elements of the layout may be structured in certain shapes so that make users’ eyes easily find core information. For example, if we place the content in a triangular shape placing the vital component on its top, people’ eyes will automatically go to the peak.

web design UI concept tubik studio

The Big Landscape

 

Psychology of shapes plays a big role in typography. There is a great number of typefaces and all of them have their individual impact on visual perception. Some kinds apply round shapes as a dominant and they seem more feminine and mild unlike those with straight lines and sharp angles which are more formal and sometimes aggressive. That’s why it’s important to pay attention what shapes are dominant in a chosen font to avoid a conflict between the context and visual presentation.

 

The human mind is full of secrets and it’s often hard to predict possible reactions. However, the science of psychology helps designers be prepared and comprehend how our brain works, at least at some basic level. Knowing psychology of shapes designers are able to create proficient logos along with problem-solving user interfaces for web and mobile products.

 

Recommended reading

 

Color in Design: Influence on Users’ Actions.

Psychology in Design. Principles Helping to Understand Users.


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ux writing tubik article

UX Writing. Let User Interface Speak.

During the last two years digital design community has been discussing a brand new trend called UX writing. The term appeared suddenly confusing many people, even some design professionals. Some think it’s a new name for UX design, others see it as copywriting related to the UX topic. In this article, we’ll figure out the meaning of UX writing and why tech world talks so much about it. Also, we’ll provide some practical tips on effective UX writing.

 

What’s UX writing?

 

The term may be new but the process has existed for a long time. UX writing is the practice of crafting copy which is directly used in user interfaces to guide users within a product and help them interact with it. The major aim of UX writing is to settle communication between users and a digital product.

 

Copy created by UX writers is also known as microcopy. The name tells for itself and stands for the small components of text which serve as hints for users. To be more specific, microcopy includes buttons and menu copy, error messages, security notes, terms and conditions, as well as any kind of instructions on product usage.

 

tubik studio page 404

Page 404

 

Why is UX writing needed?

 

Microcopy has always been a part of digital products, so why have people started to call the process of its creation UX writing? Let’s get it straight.

 

One of the first reasons leading to UX writing appearance is growing attention to the role of copy in UI. Marketing and design specialists have agreed that copy content is a significant element influencing both UI and UX. Bad-written copy can ruin even a really good-looking user interface. As for the microcopy, various user tests have shown that it affects user experience as well as the information architecture and navigation system do.

 

If we look at a product from users’ perspective, we’ll see how useful small copy hints are for them. When people start their journey in new software, short text tips make the process of adaptation fast and easy. Moreover, if menu copy is written professionally, the navigation system is much more clear to use.

 

Considering the positive impact of microcopy on user experience, the new direction appeared in copywriting. At this point, we can expand the essence of UX writing and say that it’s a process of building microcopy elements which aim at improving user experience of a website or app.

 

tutorial_design_tubik_studio

Shauts App Tutorial

 

Who has to do UX writing?

 

We defined the essence of UX writing still one question remains open. Whose duty is it?

 

The direction couldn’t be formed by itself, so, obviously, there are specialists standing behind it. A job of UX writer grows its potential and today we can see more and more offers from companies. They are writers specializing in creating microcopy which aims at boosting pleasant user experience and improving navigation system.

 

UX writing is still a green direction, the reason why the task of microcopy creation often lays upon marketers and copywriters. These professionals have been writing microcopy long before a term of UX writing appeared and they continue doing it as one of the parts of their work.

 

However, it’s not only writers who can create copy for UX. Designers also often try themselves in UX writing. They may not be the specialists in copy creation still they know everything about the information architecture and navigation system of a product. Moreover, UI/UX designers research the target audience peculiarities, so they know how to present visual information for user perception.

 

Copywriters and designers can do UX writing separately but to improve outcome it’s always a good idea to collaborate and share the experience. Together IA professionals, designers and copywriters can successfully create UX copy content and this is how it is often done by many companies today. However, if a company handles many projects which involve much of UX writing, it is reasonable to consider hiring a UX writer to gain maximum productivity for all the team.

 

gourmet_website_interactions_tubik

The Gourmet Website

 

What makes efficient UX writing

 

Some may think that UX writing takes a few minutes to be done since it includes only small pieces of text. However, creation of a powerful phrase for a CTA button sometimes can take much more time and effort than writing of a whole body copy.

 

Microcopy usually can vary from one word to short sentences which should perform numerous functions. So, if we say that in UX writing every word counts, it won’t be an hyperbola. A single word should both help users to get oriented as well as encourage them to stick around. Moreover, there is often a business goal standing behind CTA buttons, so this factor should also be considered during UX writing.

 

The sufficient UX copy needs to be clear and consistent. Users don’t have to figure out what you mean. Copy should be simple so that people could interact with product intuitively. If users don’t notice they’ve been guided, UX writing has been done well. In addition, UX writing, as any other copy content, should be based on the context and the target audience.

 

In addition, we need to say that copy is a design element the reason why its effectiveness highly depends on the visual presentation. UX writers need to make sure it looks good and fits the design composition. Such a condition creates constraints for a writer about the amount of copy and its appearance.

 

web_ui_design_tubik

Digital Agency Landing Page

 

Practical tips on UX writing

 

The experts are still working on developing the direction to set the best techniques and methods of the effective UX writing. However, there are some sufficient tips helping to make sure UX copy will work well.

 

Step into users’ shoes. If you want to create useful copy, you need to understand where users need help. User research assists to learn the target audience and knowing their specialties you can assume what hints people need.

 

Don’t use complicated vocabulary. As we said above, one of the major characteristics of effective UX writing is clarity and simplicity. Copy should be easy to perceive that’s why difficult words may not work well.

 

Write short and then cut it into half. Microcopy received its name not by coincidence. It has to be short but meaningful so that it wouldn’t draw too much attention, only slightly guiding people from one point to another.

 

Test the copy on various users. You can be a guru of writing and UX design still user testing never hurts. If you don’t have anyone who would match the target audience, at least test copy on your co-workers or friends and ask them what they feel about it.

 

Be creative. Microcopy typically includes only short informative messages but it doesn’t mean you have to make it boring. Try to be creative and bring some positive emotions. For example, writing an error message you can use some polite jokes. It breaks tension which may appear if users do something wrong and encourage them to stick around. Just remember to make sure your creativity doesn’t go too far and the target audience will react appropriately.

 

Add images. In case of error messages or onboarding instructions, it can be a good idea to supplement them with funny and pretty images. You can use photos as well as custom illustrations which will strengthen the right message of a copy.

 

Reflect brand voice. Don’t forget that instructions which a product gives to users are always perceived as a voice of a brand. So, before you write copy you need to learn about brand nature so that microcopy would sound accordingly to the brand image.

 

web design tubik studio

Page 404

 

UX writing is a new direction which is full of potential. UX professionals need to consider it as an another essential tool on the way to the improved user interaction and boosted satisfaction from a product.

 

Recommended reading

 

10 UX copywriting tips for designers

5 Ideas for Better UX Writing

UX Writing: How to do it like Google with this powerful checklist

Copywriting in UI. Words that Make Design Go Round.


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golden ratio in ui design

Golden Ratio. Bring Balance in UI Design.

One of the major characteristics of effective design is a clear user interface. All the elements need to be well-balanced and placed in the harmony so that users could easily perceive the information on the screen and interact with a product without efforts.

 

To create an efficient design composition, professionals apply various techniques and methods from the art science as well as the basic mathematical theories. One of the common tools helping to build pleasing design compositions is a mathematical proportion called the golden ratio. In the article, we’ll define the essence of this technique and see how it can be used in design.

 

What’s the golden ratio?

 

Everything in the world strives to the harmony and balance. Even mother nature brings things in the forms close to the perfect. People enjoy everything which has natural touch and they always aim at implementing these patterns and forms into their outcome. In pursuit of discovering the secrets of creation, mathematicians calculated a formula which appears in the majority of things on the Earth.

 

The golden ratio is a mathematical proportion between the elements of different sizes which is thought to be the most aesthetically pleasing for human eyes. The golden ratio equals 1:1.618 and it is often illustrated with seashell-shaped spirals which you could have probably seen on the Internet.

 

golden ratio for designers

Source

 

So, how exactly the perfect asymmetry is calculated? First, you need to decide the length of the small element. Then multiply it by a golden ratio which is 1.618 and the result will be the perfect length of the bigger element.

 

Golden ratio formula for designers

Source

 

Golden ratio theory is believed to exist for more than 4000 years. Scientists discovered that the majority of the ancient buildings, as well as famous artworks, obey to the golden ratio. Leonardo Da Vinci and Salvador Dali were known as the followers of the golden ratio theory and they used it as a key tool for their amazing artworks. Today the golden ratio is applied in various fields including architecture, art, photography, and design.

 

Golden ratio in design

 

An effective composition is a core part of design. All the elements need to work together to maximize the pleasant experience. Moreover, each separate element, even the small one like an icon, has to be created in a harmony within itself. The golden ratio has a positive influence on the visual perception the reason why many graphic and UI designers apply it at their workflow.

 

Graphic designers are more keen to apply golden ratio. The thing is that the art teachers often explain the theory of golden ratio to help students figure out how to work with proportions. That’s why many designers continue to apply this tool while creating various graphics, especially for the small but meaningful design elements such as a logo.

 

Logo and icon design requires deep attention to the details. The golden ratio allows creating illustrations where each element is placed in a harmony and appropriate proportion to the others. Moreover, logo design is a heart of the brand so designers strive at presenting it in the most compelling way. Golden proportion can add aesthetic appeal to a logo and increase the popularity of the brand.

 

User interface needs to have the clear visual presentation of the components so that people could use a product without problems. The golden ratio is often applied to place UI elements effectively. First of all, it can be used at the stage of wireframing. This way you can plan a structure for the layout placing and sizing user interface components according to golden proportion. In addition, golden ratio scheme can help professionals to crop images for web design so that it could make sure the composition of the photo remains balanced.

 

graphic design golden ratio illustration

Graphic design for Opera Software promo video

 

How does golden ratio improve UI design?

 

Mathematical calculations may seem boring and time-consuming, so a question may arise if it’s worth the effort. Let’s see what golden ratio can bring into design.

 

Well-balanced content

 

Designers often face the situation when a product needs to contain a great amount of various content and each part of it is vital and cannot be replaced. To unite all the components in a pleasant composition, the golden ratio can be applied. Divide the layout into different sections using a proportion of 1:1.618 and put the content in the sectors according to their importance. Such a content composition is sufficient for users’ perception and it helps to organize all the components.

 

Effective visual hierarchy

 

Speaking of the content organization, we can’t forget about visual hierarchy. As we mentioned in our previous articles, it’s a technique of efficient structuring content components. Combining principles of these two techniques designers maximize chances of building a powerful design composition.

 

golden ratio in ui design

Tracking Widget

 

Powerful typography levels

 

To create efficient typography, designers need to divide copy content into different levels. They usually include various kinds of copy including headers, subheadings, body copy, caption etc. Applying golden ratio professionals can quickly define an appropriate proportion between the typographic levels, for example, you can choose a certain size for the header and then divide it by 1.618. The result will show you the most appropriate size for subheaders.

 

Pleasing first impression

 

When users try a product for the first time, they scan user interface to understand if they like it or not. The psychology principle known as a visceral reaction states that people decide whether they like something or not within a few seconds of looking at something. This reaction goes faster than our consciousness so we don’t even realize it. That’s is why it’s vital to make sure the first impression of a product will be pleasing. Design created by using the golden ratio has a positive influence on users’ mind and their visual perception and it works from the first sight at a product.

 

Appropriate white space

 

White space is the area between elements in a design composition. Designers always need to care about the amount of the white space in the UI since the unity of composition highly relies on it. The golden ratio can make the process of spacing much easier and faster. Applying golden proportions you will be able to define the right white space which will work well for the design.

 

golden ratio in web design

Digital Agency Landing Page

 

Design presenting the natural balance of the components cannot be unnoticed. The well-structured layout is one of the core parts of powerful UI. The golden ratio brings the harmony into design and makes the product pleasant for users. Don’t be afraid of the mathematical formula. It’s not that difficult as it may seem. Even more, the golden ratio can help creating user-friendly digital products which will combine utility and aesthetics.

 

Recommended reading

 

The Golden Ratio — Principles of form and layout

Golden Ratio in UI design

 


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