Tag Archives: design blog

Articles about UI, UX, graphic design for mobile applications and websites, brand identity, design events, tips and resources.

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Design Glossary: Color. Terms and Definitions.

Color is one of the fundamentals which design is built of. It can be a powerful tool in the expert’s hands affecting numerous factors which are vital for the compelling visual perception. Color has a significant impact on our mind. It changes the way we feel about an object within a few seconds as well as makes people react and even take certain actions.

 

At first sight color science may seem not that difficult to master but diving into the details it’s obvious that there are many peculiarities which demand to be comprehended. In the article Color Theory: Brief Guide For Designers, we touched upon the basics of the science helping designers in their craft. Today we gathered a handy glossary with the essential terms of the color theory which will help graphic and UI designers get the better understanding of how color works.

 

web and app UI design

Add the Color Illustration

 

Color

 

Before we step any further, it’s important to figure out the essence of color itself. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines it as a phenomenon of light (such as red, brown, pink, or gray) or visual perception that enables one to differentiate otherwise identical objects. Simply put, color is a quality of an object which is caused due to the light being reflected or emitted by this object. Color can be verified visually by measurement of its properties such as hue, saturation, chromaticity, and value. To gain proper awareness of color meaning let’s define its characteristics.

 

Color properties

 

Hue

 

The term hue is often mistaken for the color so it needs to be cleared out. First, we should understand that “color” is a general term which people use to name all the hues, tints, and tones. On the other hand, a hue is exactly the thing we mean asking “what color is it?”. Basically, it is a family of twelve pure and bold colors presented on the color wheel.

 

A hue serves as a basic material which can be transformed in three different ways — tinting, shading and toning. Depending on the applied technique, a hue is modified into tint, shade, or tone.

 

They are easy to distinguish. A tint is created by mixing a hue with white, while a shade is a mix of a hue and black. Toning is a more delicate process because it requires adding both black and white the reason why the results may seem more natural than shades and tints.

 

color-glossary-tints-tones-shades

Source

 

Value

 

As we said above colors have certain characteristics by which they can be recognized. Value is a property telling how light or dark a color is. The characteristic is defined by the level of whiteness. The more white has been added to a hue, the higher value it receives.

 

Chromaticity

 

Chroma, or chromaticity, shows the purity of a hue. The characteristic is measured by the presences of white, grey, or black in a color. Twelve basic hues described above have the highest level of chromaticity since they don’t contain any additional elements. Colors with high chroma usually look bold and vivid.

 

Saturation

 

This characteristic has much in common with value and chroma, so sometimes they may be mistaken. Still, it’s vital to understand the differences. Unlike two previous properties, saturation doesn’t apply mixing hues with any other colors. It is about how a color looks under different lighting conditions. Saturation describes how bold or pale a color is according to its look in the daylight and weak light. The property is also known as the intensity of a color.

 

color theory design tubik

 

Color wheel

 

If you had any lessons related to painting, you must have seen the circle consisting of different colors. It is called the color wheel and helps to understand how different colors relate to each other and how they can be combined. The color circle is usually built of primary, secondary and tertiary colors which are also known as hues.

 

The color circle was created in 1666 by Isaac Newton in a schematic way and since then it has gone through many transformations but still remains the main tool for color combination.The idea is that the color wheel must be made that way so colors would be mixed appropriately.

 

color theory design tubik

Source

 

Color types

 

Primary colors

 

They are three pigment colors that cannot be formed by any combination of other colors. The primary colors serve as the basis of a whole system.The primary colors vary depending on the type of color system. A subtractive system is based on cyan, magenta, and yellow, while red, green and blue colors form the additive system. And the painting system RYB includes red, yellow and blue.

 

Secondary colors

 

These colors appear by the combination of two primary colors. Since each system has different basic colors, the secondary colors vary too. Here is a schematic explanation of secondary colors appearing in each system.

 
RGB:

  • green+red=yellow
  • red+blue=magenta
  • blue+green=cyan

 

CMYK:

  • yellow +magenta=red
  • magenta+cyan=blue
  • cyan+yellow=green

 

RYB:

  • yellow+red=orange
  • red+blue=purple
  • blue+yellow= green

 

Tertiary colors

 

The mix of the primary and secondary colors gives us the tertiary colors which usually have two-word names such as red-violet or yellow-orange.

 

Cool, warm and neutral colors

 

All the colors we described above can also be divided into three types: cool, warm and neutral.

 

Cool colors are the ones on the green-blue side of the color wheel. They are called cool since they bring the feeling of cold. Warm colors are opposite to the previous due to the warm associations which they possess. Yellow, orange and red are the hues relating to the warm type. Last but not least, neutral colors are absent on the color wheel including gray, brown and beige.

 

weather app design UI

 

Color systems

 

RGB

 

RGB color system considers red, blue, and green as primary colors. The system is the basis of all colors used on the screen. The combination of primary colors in equal proportions of this system produces secondary colors which are cyan, magenta and yellow, but you need to remember that the more light you add, the brighter and lighter the color becomes. Results obtained by mixing additive colors are often counterintuitive for people accustomed to the subtractive color system of paints, dyes, inks and other tangible objects.

 

RYB

 

RYB (red, yellow, blue) is also known as painting color system often used in art education, especially in painting. It served as a foundation for the modern scientific color theory which determined that cyan, magenta, and yellow are the most effective set of three colors to combine. This is how the color model CMY has been formed.

 

CMYK

 

The system CMY has been modified with the appearance of the photomechanical printing. It received the key component meaning black ink and the system was named CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black). Without this additional pigment, the shade closest to black would be muddy brown. Today this color system is mostly used in the printed design.

 

color theory design tubik

Source

 

Color schemes

 

The color balance is vital in design since users make their impression of the website or application by the first look, and colors have the big influence. Designers distinguished the basic color schemes, aka color harmony, which work effectively.

 

Monochromatic

 

It is based on one color with various tones and shades of it. The monochromatic harmony is always a winning choice since it’s hard to make a mistake and create the distasteful color scheme.

 

business cards design

Deetu Business Cards

 

Analogous

 

To create analogous harmony, you need to use colors located right next to each other on the color wheel. This type of color scheme is used for the design where no contrast is needed including the background of web pages or banners.

 

binned logo animation design

Binned Logo Animation

 

Complementary

 

The complementary scheme is the mix of colors placed in front of each other on the color wheel. This scheme is opposite to analogous and monochromatic since it aims to produce high contrast. For example, the orange button on the blue background is hard to miss in any interface.

 

home budget web interface

Home Budget Dashboard

 

Split-Complementary

 

This scheme works similar to the previous one but it employs more colors. For instance, if you choose the blue color you need to take two others which are adjacent to its opposite color meaning yellow and red. The contrast here is less sharp than in complementary scheme but it allows using more colors.

 

financial_service_website_tubik

Financial Service Website

 

Triadic

 

When the design requires more colors you can try triadic scheme. It is based on three separate colors which are equidistant on the color wheel. To save the balance in this scheme, it is recommended to use one color as a dominant, the other as accents.

 

dating_app_landing_page_tubik

Dating App Landing Page

 

Tetradic/Double-Complementary

 

The tetradic color scheme is for the experienced designers since it is the most difficult to balance. It employs four colors from the wheel which are complementary pairs. If you connect the points on the chosen colors they form the rectangle.The scheme is hard to harmonize but if you do everything right, the results may be stunning.

 

business_card_app_animation_tubik

Business Card App

 

Let’s sum up with the prosaic quote by RyPaul: “The whole point is to live life and be — to use all the colors in the crayon box.” Learn how to use colors effectively both in your life and work and the results will please you.

 

Recommended reading

 

Color Theory: Brief Guide For Designers.
Color in Design: Influence on Users’ Actions.
Color Matters. 6 Tips on Choosing UI Colors.
3C of Interface Design: Color, Contrast, Content.
Color in UI Design. Look on the Bright Side.


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most popular design articles in tubik blog

20 Most-Read Design Articles by Tubik in 2017

The year melting away has been really fruitful for Tubik Blog: we shared around 100 articles and case studies with our readers and subscribers. Striking the balance of 2017, today we have collected here the list of posts which were most-read, shared and liked during the year. They are devoted to the variety of design issues in the domains of UI and UX, information architecture, logo and branding, design for business and marketing. So, welcome to review them together to check what themes have been found the most actual.

 

home page design article

 

20 most popular articles

 

Psychology in Design. Principles Helping to Understand Users: the post about general principles of psychology which can help designers know users better and create user-friendly web and mobile interfaces.

 

Best Practices for Website Header Design: the set of insights on the definition, structure, and composition of a website header as a strategic part of the website with a variety of examples and approaches.

 

UI/UX Design Glossary. Navigation Elements: another set of UI/UX Design Glossary, explaining terms in the field of user interface design. Focused on navigation elements: buttons, menus, switches, icons etc.

 

Color Theory: Brief Guide For Designers: the article concentrated on the basics of color theory and color combinations in design. Learn more about the color wheel, RGB, CMYK and models of color harmony.

 

Color in Design: Influence on Users’ Actions: considerations devoted to the issue of using various colors in user interfaces and branding design, associations and the influence of color choice on user behavior.

 

Mobile UI Design: 15 Basic Types of Screens: mobile applications evolve with user’s needs offering new functionality, still, there are screens common for many apps and they are the focus of this article.

 

Gestalt Theory for Efficient UX: Principle of Similarity: the article considering Gestalt theory application in interface design: this time it’s focused on similarity principle of effective content grouping in UI.

 

Gestalt Theory for UX Design: Principle of Proximity: the second post in the series devoted to applying Gestalt principles in design of user-friendly web and mobile interfaces, today about the principle of proximity.

 

How Human Memory Works: Tips for UX Designers: insights into the ways human memory works and the factors of its influence on UX design solutions for websites and mobile apps.

 

Information Architecture. Basics for Designers: the article providing insights into the basics of information architecture for designers and setting the link between IA, UX and UI for websites and applications.

 

Tips on Applying Copy Content in User Interfaces: considerations on some essential points on the effective use of text in web and mobile user interfaces: visual hierarchy principles for copy content.

 

Gamification in UX. Increasing User Engagement: the post is centered on the aspect of gamification applied to mobile applications and websites for engaging UX design and user-friendly interactions.

 

Typography in UI: Guide for Beginners: In design, every layout element plays its role. This post presents the insights into the basics of typography for web and mobile UI to make the copy powerful and effective.

 

Case Study: Upper App. UI Design for To-Do List: the case study about UI design created by the Tubik team for Upper App, simple and elegant free to-do list, motivating users and boosting productivity.

 

Case Study: Vinny’s Bakery. UI Design for E-Commerce: the design case study that looks and feels tasty: check the details of UI/UX and animation for a website presenting a small elite bakery selling home-made bread.

 

Lean and Mean: Power of Minimalism in UI Design: dive into cases when less is more: the definition, history, features and benefits of minimalism applied in UI design for websites and mobile applications.

 

Knock Design into Shape. Psychology of Shapes: the psychology of shapes is helpful for creating user-friendly interfaces. The post features the meanings of different shapes and their influence on design solutions.

 

UX Design for E-Commerce: Principles and Strategies: the general insights on design for e-commerce websites and mobile applications in business, UX and UI perspectives: tips and strategies to consider.

 

Feel Homey. Handy Tips for Home Page Design: the set of effective tips enhancing usability of home pages for various websites. Check the design strategies for information, interaction and appearance.

 

Golden Ratio. Bring Balance in UI Design: The article devoted to golden ratio as an effective technique for web and mobile user interfaces: check how it brings balance and aesthetics into UI design.

 

Bonus: Free ebook and the review of 2017 design trends

 

Problem-Solving Web Design. Free E-Book by Tubik: the free e-book by the Tubik team presents the overview of theory, practices and design cases for user-friendly websites and landing pages.

 

Review of Popular Interface Design Trends in 2017 — traditional year-in-review post observing the most popular trends of 2017 in user interface design for websites and mobile applications: UX approaches and examples.

 

most popular design articles in tubik blog

 

Wishing you great holidays and productive new year, we are already working over a new plan to write content which is helpful and useful for the global design community. Huge thanks to all our readers for support and loyalty and best regards from all the Tubik team!


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tubik studio web design

6 Big Reasons to Start a Website

For centuries, people have found hundreds of ways to communicate and collaborate for both professional and personal aims. Still, since the time when the Internet came into play, these directions of human activity have witnessed really prominent progress. It got especially significant and impressive for the last decade, with broader availability of the Internet and development of new technology. Decent ten or twenty years ago having a website was seen a sort of luxury while today it is often a widely-used and important factor of personal, professional and business growth.

 

There is a great number of big and small goals standing behind the incredible variety of websites whose number seems to grow every single minute. According to Internet Live Stats, there are over 1 billion websites in the World Wide Web today. This milestone was first reached in September of 2014, as confirmed by NetCraft in its October 2014 Web Server Survey, and first estimated and announced by Internet Live Stats. The number had subsequently declined, reverting back to a level below 1 billion due to the monthly fluctuations in the count of inactive websites before reaching again and stabilizing above the 1 billion mark starting in March of 2016. In general, this is the sort story of the amazing path from 1 website in 1991 to 1 billion websites in 2014. 

 

No wonder, more and more people are thinking over the idea of setting their websites and they come to this decision along the different ways reaching various life destinations. Let’s review the most popular reasons that make people work over their websites either by themselves or hiring professionals for that job, and in some cases applying both of the mentioned options. The ideas will be supported with web design concepts accomplished by Tubik designers and corresponding to particular objectives.

 

E-commerce

 

Nowadays this reason would definitely take its place in the top. With better technical abilities of presenting goods and services as well as fast and secure payments enabled via the Internet, more and more people take opportunities of buying and selling online, right from their desktop. It can deal even with the case of personal websites, if people both communicate and sell the goods or services they produce via this website. So, getting real financial profit can be named among the prominent reasons of creating a website. Moreover, modern content-management systems support this aim with tools and features strengthening the website rates in search browsers. 

 

tubikstudio ui webdesign

Design concept of online comic bookshop

 

tubik studio UI design

Design concept of online auction

 

tubik studio design UI

Design concept of the randomizer for e-commerce platform

 

tubik_studio_website_ui_bakery

Design concept of the bakery enabling online orders

 

Business presentation

 

Another reason connected with professional activity and encouraging more and more people to start their websites is presentation of their business, whatever is its nature and volume. It can be anything, from simple one-page website giving basic description of the professional and contact data to complex web platforms providing the variety of business directions or extensive portfolio. The core distinguishing feature comparing to the previous position is that this website doesn’t provide full cycle of direct sales from order to payment and delivery, its aim is to present the services or goods as well as the ways of getting them. This can be the reason for not only fully packed websites of broad functionality but also landing pages fulfilling the same need.

 

tubikstudio homepage design

Web design concept for a company organizing open air events

 

website design tubik studio

Web design concept for a company organizing hot-air-balloon rides

 

website design UI

Web design concept for an architectural bureau 

 

tubikstudio ui animation website design

Design concept for the interior design studio

 

Sharing information

 

This is the reason why people set up diverse blogs and websites aimed at sharing information: these can be online magazines and newspapers, thematic collections and bloggers’ reviews etc. It is usually not aimed at direct communication, only providing users with fresh and actual information.

 

online magazine design tubik studio

Design concept of online newspaper

 

web design UI concept tubik studio

Design concept of the online magazine devoted to travelling

 

tubik web design

Web design for the blog devoted to design news and trends

 

Education

 

One more reason to start the website is the ability and wish to provide some materials and/or communication with educative objectives. These can be different stuff, from personal teacher’s blogs to interactive encyclopedias or platforms for online courses.

 

tubik studio web ui design

Web design for online encyclopedia

 

Communication

 

The Internet presents great and easily available opportunities for communications, so communication can be one more good reason for creating a website, like blogs with direct discussions, forums, social networks for general or special themes etc.

 

sport social network design tubik

Design concept of a social network for sport fans

 

Self-expression and practice

 

Sometimes, people create the website with the aim of getting a platform for expressing their creativity and trying particular skills, like, for example, creative writing. Again, complexity and quality of these websites can be very different, still the basic reason behind them is self-expression and growth.

 

tubik studio design

Design concept of a personal blog devoted to architecture

 

Surely, this list is not totally full, it mentions only some of the globally popular reasons for creating websites. Stay tuned and don’t miss the new articles analyzing all the mentioned directions in closer detail.


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Welcome to read UI/UX glossary on web design

design4users blog by Tubik

Design4Users Blog. Official Release.

Here in Tubik Studio we have had the opportunity to create a considerable number of design stories, all so different and so unique. It gave us the chance to feel all the benefits and pitfalls of design provided in terms of outsource partnership. To go further and get even closer to final users, to feel all the pains of our clients and all the variety of steps needed for creating an efficient product out of thin air, we have decided to take the next step and launch our own digital products.

 

Today we are happy to announce the release of our first product called Design4Users. It is a content-driven professional platform fully created by the studio team from the ideation and concept phase, to creating branding, developing content strategy and communication model, designing logic and layout (UX), original interface and navigation (UI), providing full-cycle of front-end development and creating responsive webdesign, careful testing and thoughtful content writing.

 

D4U design4users blog

 

Welcome to get a bit more details about the project.

 

Mission and background

 

Design4Users is a blog devoted to diverse design issues solving users’ problems. It’s mission is establishing a solid highly informative platform for designers, customers, managers, product creators and marketologists focused on the aspects of user-friendly design trends, process, organization, collaboration, resources and tips.

 

One more objective of the blog is promoting and inspiring young designers and sharing expertise of well-known masters in the sphere.

 

Initially, the blog was created as small in-studio platform for sharing useful information on current projects as well as helpful resources, tools, design hacks, inspirational collections etc. Still, growing and active Tubik Blog readers community encouraged us to transform it in the open platform and share our knowledge, practical experience, tips on tools and sources, projects and concepts we find inspiring. And all of them have one thing in common: they are concentrated on design for problem solving, on helping users and making their life brighter, easier, more productive, more profitable and more beautiful.

 

design4users logo

 

Description and functionality

 

The website is organized around several basic categories reflecting different design directions.

 

design4users blog

 

Categories

 

Design: the broadest category focused on general design trends and strategies. It also features reviews for design books and tools, sets of quotes, historical retrospective on design trends, recommendations about useful resources and articles, stories about designers and projects, advice on organization and management of design processes and efficient collaboration with clients etc.

 

Branding: the category considering various issues of design for branding and marketing, creating identity, logo design, copywriting and brand naming, marketing research and content management tips.

 

UI/UX: the category focused on the comprehensive presentation of design processes via practical case studies and articles about design for digital products like websites and mobile applications. Covers all the variety of topics about user interfaces, user experience, user research, usability testing, interaction design, applying psychology and analytics in design process, organizing effective teamwork for complex design projects.

 

Product: the category offering articles and reviews on full cycle of product design, development and promotion, tips on creating user-friendly problem-solving products, cases of improving lifestyle, professional processes and achieving business goals for products by means of design.

 

Print: the category concentrated on all the variety of design directions and techniques for editorials and books, aspects of graphic design, illustration, typography and lettering, small print forms like postcards, invitations, posters etc.

 

wordpress theme design tubikstudio

 

All the categories can feature posts marked as original D4U sections.

 

  • D4U Inspiration: thematic collections of design works, quotes, videos
  • D4U Interview: interviews with people connected to design sphere, inspiring leaders, newcoming stars etc.
  • D4U Review: books and tools reviews
  • D4U Expertise: presentations of recognized experts in design sphere, their biographies, works, tips, videos and publications.
  • D4U Reading List: collections of recommended articles about from various resources published weekly
  • D4U History: posts about prominent cases and works in the sphere of design in historic retrospective.
  • D4U Case Study: practical case studies giving details on creative process for different design projects.

 

Design and Layout

 

Design of the website is accomplished with a view to effective presentation of both copy and visual materials that are provided in wide variety. Basic background of the web pages is dark, aiming at creating stylish harmony and balance for featured images in preview sections and contract with the light background for the article body supporting better usability and readability of copy blocks.

 

Home page features two blocks of articles: the most popular according to the total number of views and recent, showing the chronological feed of posting.

 

design4users Tubik Studio

 

The users are provided with the ability to switch to another category immediately from the top menu, footer menu and dynamic menu moving in the process of scrolling and making navigation easy. The articles are supported with tags and recommendations on further reading.

 

Subscription is fast and simple, enabling users to get the fresh updates immediately after publishing in their inboxes. Also, readers are able to share the content to the variety of social networks right from the article in split seconds.

 

Welcome to see more details about design for the website in extended Behance presentation

 

Creators

 

Design4Users is the content project fully created, designed and developed by Tubik Studio. Being a comprehensive team experienced in variety of design directions and knowing all the stones on the path, we have decided to set a platform uniting creators via knowledge, practice and inspiration for the sake of design for users.

 

Tubik Studio design team

 

Supplements

 

For those who are interested to get more about the website structure and content in more interactive way, welcome to watch Design4USers Video Tour.

 

 

If you wish to see details and contact information about Design4Users, welcome to check out the Press Kit.

In the next post, we will provide the case study on design process for the website. Stay tuned and join us via Design4Users!


Welcome to see designs by Tubik Studio on Dribbble and Behance

Welcome to Design4Users

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