Smartphones are no longer a thing for communication only: today, they cover the multiple needs and help us to solve a variety of problems. Mobile applications let us study and entertain, do a lot of basic operations in seconds, calculate and edit, remind and connect us to other people, and so on, and so forth. According to the collection of useful stats about mobile marketing, in 2017 users spent on average 69% of their media time on smartphones and this number is constantly growing. In 2018, there are reported about 8 million apps in the Google Play store, 2.2 million in the Apple App Store, 669K in the Windows Store, and 600K in the Amazon Appstore. Not only the number grows but also diversity, and that’s clearly seen from the variety of design projects. So, today we offer to review the most popular types of mobile applications, their functions, and benefits – in addition to the guides into types of websites and types of mobile screens we told about earlier. With lots of examples by Tubik designers, of course.
There are two global perspectives to classify mobile apps: in the aspect of content they offer and the aspect of their technical realization. Let’s start with content.
Here we classify the applications according to the problems they solve and the functions they offer to users.
This is the basic and perhaps the most widely used type of mobile applications. These apps let users solve a particular problem or accomplish a task, usually the one we face day in and day out. It’s all about basic problems which should be solved quickly – and this is what apps of this type do, saving our time and effort. Here you will find a variety of calculators from standard to financial and scientific ones, clock and alarm apps, flashlights, barcode scanners, tools for conversion and password management, screen locks, etc. They are little helpers of our everyday life.
Contact List App
These apps are connected to various spheres of our activities connected to lifestyle and life quality. Usually, they cover quite general themes, subjects, and services. These apps help users find and improve their homes and offices, take up hobbies, look good and feel good, etc. If your app is about real estate, fashion, parenting or hobbies, that’s a category for it.
My Baby App
Watering Tracker App
These mobile applications help users to find their way and plan their routes. These are driving and walking assistants, map applications, atlases, public transit maps and fuel finders, pilots and maritime assistance apps and the like.
Food and Drink Apps
These apps are all about tasty life as “there is no love sincerer than the love of food” according to George Bernard Shaw. Here you will find everything about eating and drinking, cooking, healthy food, eating out and the like. So, diverse applications offering users recipes and menus, nutrition facts, reviews of meals, beverages, restaurants and cafes, guides into cuisines of different countries and all the stuff like that go to this category.
Explanation won’t take long: these are apps for reading stuff that was traditionally printed. Here this content becomes interactive and offers different functionality for user manipulations. Reader apps, interactive ebooks, and comics are found in this category.
The mobile applications of this type are all about learning and teaching: the main objective behind them is to share knowledge in an interactive way. Here you’ll find the apps of different complexity and interactivity levels focused on educational purposes. They may be aimed at different target audiences that determine the approaches to graphics and general concepts of user interface design for every particular case. In this group, you’ll find stuff from basics like reading, writing, phonics, colors, alphabet, vocabulary training apps to specific narrow themes like nature and wildlife, geography and astronomy, languages, test preparation apps, school portals, and educational platforms.
Learn Chinese App
Nature Encyclopedia App
App for Moon Creative, an educational facility for children and teens studying design and animation.
Who works well, has to rest well. Entertainment apps are usually aimed at adding fun to our life. These interactive applications are designed and developed to entertain users with audio, video, graphic and other content. Here are TV and movie apps, ticketing apps, interfaces for art creation and fun clubs, etc.
One more group of apps which can serve for both entertainment and education is games. Here you’ll get the variety of options, from highly useful intellectual or educational games to time-killers for waiting time. Game applications are perhaps the most diverse in visual styles and layout design.
For many users around the world, music is an integral part of life, so the domain of music apps offers a great variety of options to discover music, listen to it, record or even compose music. These are not only music players and libraries, but also apps for music creation, education, watching videos and concerts and even lyrics writing.
Music News App
These mobile apps support people involved in business activities: they help to track and analyze data, provide functionality for collaboration, resource management, and planning. Here you’ll also find apps for hiring and job search, remote desktops, file sharing apps, and tools enhancing teamwork.
The apps of this group are about money. They actually perform financial transactions and support the user about the company or personal financial stuff. So, here are financial management and budget apps, mobile banking applications, the ones about investment, insurance and stocks, taxes and bill reminders.
Finance App for collective finance management
Home Budget app for tracking and analysis of personal financial stuff
The apps of this category are related to sporting activities of all kinds such as professional, amateur, collegiate, or recreational ones. They may serve for teams, leagues and sporting events, feature info about athletes, track scores, provide instructions and sports news.
Health and Fitness Apps
This type is aimed at user’s healthy living. There can be apps that help to monitor health conditions, track and analyze this kind of data, lose or gain weight, manage stress, do fitness, have active rest or relaxing recreation. Workout, running and cycling trackers, apps sharing programs for weight loss, pilates and yoga apps, pregnancy applications and all this kind of useful helpers are found in this category.
Fitness Tracker App
In comparison to the previous category, these apps are more professional in the aspect of healthcare and medical treatment. They are focused on medical education, management and health reference for patients and doctors. So, here you’ll come across the apps informing about diseases and symptoms, helping to explore anatomy and track health conditions deeper than the general health trackers, supporting medical records.
Magazines and Newspapers
The name says everything: this category usually features the apps that provide content we typically find in newspapers, magazines or other periodicals. Usually, the content is automatically renewed and may cover a wide variety of topics. Also, these may be the apps providing the online version of print periodicals or the app may provide news and articles only online without any connection to a physically existing publication.
Very close to the previous category, these apps’ goal is to provide users with information about current events in diverse areas of interest from politics and entertainment to technology, business, science, and others. An app of this kind usually serves content in a newsreader or digest format, or it may be a digital-first media outlet with constant content updates. So, this category offers apps for TV and radio news, RSS readers, news programs and outlets.
Photo and Video Apps
These apps help to create, manage, store, edit, and share photo and video content. Adding special effects, printing, creating custom greeting cards and social network posts, editing content with adding text, illustrations, masks, making collages and so on – that’s what you find in this group.
The apps here have an objective to organize specific processes and tasks to make them more efficient and save user’s time and effort. As well as utilities, they may be simple but very helpful on an everyday basis such as task managers and to-do lists, calendar and password managers, chart generators, apps for data viewing, emailing, note taking and cloud storages.
Shopping (E-Commerce) Apps
More and more users are doing their shopping online, and a big proportion of them do it right from their smartphone or at least use an app as a way to get the data about the goods quickly and easily. According to the review, 80% of shoppers used a mobile phone inside of a physical store to either look up product reviews, compare prices or find alternative store locations. Statista also features mobile e-commerce as a stable trend of growth in online shopping, expecting over 70% share of mobile purchases in a total e-commerce by 2021.
So, not surprisingly, the diversity of e-commerce applications is growing day by day with a variety of user interface design approaches and tricks. These apps support the full cycle of purchase or enhance the shopping experience in physical point of sales, for example making a process of payment easier. Marketplaces, coupon apps, product review platform are also found here.
Perfect Bouquet App
Vinyl Store App
Jewellery E-commerce App
Social Networking Apps
These mobile applications are all about communication. They connect people by means of different content such as text, photo, video, voice. These apps may be aimed at both personal and community connections. So, here you’ll see the apps for text and voice messaging, audio and video calls, photo and video sharing, blogs and communities, dating apps and social networks on special interests.
Book Swap App – a social network for readers
Buon app – a social network for fans of cooking
Social networking application for photographers
Everything devoted to traveling is found in this category: here are the apps that help users plan their journeys, book accommodation, find and buy tickets, and so on. These may be flight trackers, apps for hotel and car rentals, holiday planners and city guides, travel tips and rewards, clocks showing time of different time zones, etc.
No need for long explanations: this type of apps inform users about weather conditions, from general forecasts to specific data about storms, tides, specific weather conditions in different locations, etc.
In the aspect of technical realization, there are three global types of applications: native, hybrid and web apps.
These applications are called that way because they are made exclusively for a particular mobile operating system so they are native for a device or platform such as iOS, Android, Blackberry, Windows Phone, Symbian. It means you can’t use this app on a different platform except for the one they are aimed for. The benefit of such apps is their high performance and high chances of positive user experience based on native device UI. They have an access to different APIs and quickly reached from app stores. The pitfall is that if you want to reach your target audience from different platforms, you have to design and develop a native app for each so it may be rather expensive and time-consuming which in its turn may increase the general product cost.
User interface designed for Android
User interface designed for iOS
So, in any particular case, a client and a creative team make a decision on the type of the app based on budget, time and numerous factors of target audience needs and behavior.
If you want to learn more about best practices of user experience and user interface design for mobile, here are handy articles on the topic.