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web development job insights

Close Insight into Web Developer’s Craft

Being a web developer is not just writing code. It is literally breathing life into a website. It is making help, beauty, information and communication available for thousands and millions of people around the world. It is allowing stunning, stylish and user-friendly designs get live and do their best job. It is spending hours in the complicated and mysterious word of characters and signs enriching personal and professional progress. That is making wonders right from your desk and your computer.

 

Who are web developers and what do they do? One of our previous articles here in Tubik Blog has already unveiled a bit of basics on their job, let’s go further today. A lot of people conceivably count that web developers just provide technical side of building websites, but the job goes far beyond this simple definition. Professionals of this sphere are also required to analyze user’s needs to ensure that proper content, graphics and underlying structure are created and maintained to meet the goals of both users and website owners.

 

web developer tubik studio

 

What are web developer’s responsibilities?

 

Generally, all web developers can be divided into three groups. The first group focuses solely on the underlying software and databases (back-end development), while the second one works on the interface and visual design (front-end development). There’s also the third group whose representatives combine both directions (full-stack development).

 

Daily responsibilities include:

 

  • coding in one or more programming or scripting languages, such as PHP, Java, Ruby or JavaScript;
  • debugging, refactoring and optimizing existing code;
  • fixing bugs in existing projects;
  • testing new features thoroughly to ensure they perform the correct task in all cases;
  • testing performance of created web application or website;
  • building and testing Application Program Interfaces (APIs) for applications to exchange data;
  • converting written, graphic, audio and video components to compatible web formats;
  • participation in creating UX (logic and transitions) and UI (visual design performance) design in tight collaboration with designers at pre-development stages;
  • building and maintaining databases;
  • deciding on the best tools, technologies, languages and frameworks for the project;
  • planning and prototyping new applications or websites;
  • staying up to date with new trends and advancements in web development;
  • informing designers, developers and project staff for progress updates;
  • gathering requirements and wishes from clients and users.

 

The list can be continued longer and longer and amaze users and customers by its diversity.

 

programming languages fron-end

 

What should a web developer know?

 

A web developer (particularly, front-end developer) should know how to activate web content via code in a user-friendly way. This task provides a challenging aspect to website development and maintenance. The website should not be too simple for advanced users, nor should it be so intricate that the beginner is easily lost in the surfing process. This is the point on which UX/UI designers and developers are advised to support each other uniting their effort and professional knowledge and skills. Effective collaboration of these sides usually results in user-friendly efficient web product in which design finds sophisticated ways to support usability and harmony of logical and visual presentation while development sets the elegant methods to activate and maintain those solutions in live websites.

 

Hyper-Text Markup Language (HTML), JavaScript (JS) and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) are the foundation of front-end development. HTML is the main language used to build and display a website or web application. JS provides user interfaces and enhances interactivity of a website. CSS is used for the look and design of the website in spreadsheets written in HTML. These languages are essential of building website front-end.

 

Here are some examples of client-side programming languages:

 

-HTML
-XHTML
-CSS
-JavaScript
-Flash
-Microsoft Silverlight

 

A back-end developer builds and maintains the technology that connects user-facing side of the website to its server side. The back end of a website consists of a server, an application, and a database. In an effort to make the server, application, and database communicate with each other, back-end developers use server-side languages like PHP, Java, Ruby, .NET and others to build an application, and tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server to find, save, remove or change data and send it back to the user in client-side code.

 

Back-end developers use these languages and tools to create or contribute to web applications with clean, portable, readable code. However, before writing the code, they need to collaborate with clients to understand their particular needs and wishes, then translate those into technical requirements and come up with the most efficient solution for architecting the technology.

 

Here are some examples of server-side programming languages:

-PHP
-C++
-C
-C#
-Java
-Python
-Ruby
-Erlang

 

And these are some examples of widely used tools:

-MySQL
-PostgreSQL
-MongoDB
-Microsoft SQL Server
-Oracle
-Sybase
-SAP HANA
-IBM DB2

 

web development

 

What skills are advantageous for web developers?

 

On the basis of everyday routine here in Tubik Studio, it’s easy to state that web developers have to display comprehensive diversity of technical knowledge in the spheres such as client-side languages and development, server-side languages and development, web application frameworks and relational database management systems (RDBMS), as well as experience of dealing with version control systems and understanding of the architecture of web applications, web security and encryption.

 

Let’s look closer at skills and qualities that could be beneficial for people choosing web development as their professional sphere.

 

Good communication skills

Developers should be ready to various types of communication, depending on every particular case and deciding on the most effective one:

  • Face-to-face;
  • Phone;
  • Email;
  • Online chat;
  • Social networks;
  • A variety of instant messaging apps.

 

As a web developer, even one who works remotely, they need to be able to communicate confidently and effectively with clients, users, superiors, colleagues and perhaps other developers from outsource companies.

 

Flexibility and Adaptability

Websites and back-end requirements may change over time. Clients can be inconsistent by various reasons, alter considerations or critical details, perhaps as their businesses change. It is important to be flexible and adaptable, while also setting boundaries so that the scope on the project doesn’t creep too far. It means:

 

— Having to learn new languages, frameworks, skills, etc.

— Being ready to take on extra responsibilities

— Dealing with the situations when a project you are working on is cancelled

— Adapting to the changes in your working hours

— Ability to work independently and in mixed teams

— Staying up-to-date with new tools, methods of coding, etc.

 

Priorities setting

It is an important part of any web developer’s job. Developers may not be responsible for the overall web project, but will still find themselves having to prioritize tasks and deal with other participants of the process who also have their own deadlines and parameters to keep.

 

Logical approach to problem solving

One of the hardest parts about being a web developer is addressing challenges. Before making decisions, research and thorough analysis are needed for finding out what is the problem and its roots.

 

Attention to detail

It will become a key to the kingdom for those who want to program because in huge number of cases code is long and complicated. Lack of attention and healthy pedantry has direct influence on the level of productivity as well as speed and quality of web product performance.

 

front end develoment tubik studio

 

What is a career perspective?

 

Web developers in companies or tech organizations usually start their careers as junior or entry-level developers before becoming senior or mid-level developers after around couple years or even faster, depending on abilities to learn and speed of skills practicing. Comparing to freelance projects, job in organizations often means getting involved into creating complex and serious digital products, meeting more clients, leading client meetings and working on large and longer-term projects. Senior developers might also manage junior developers.

 

After reaching advanced professional level, the next position is lead developer, technical lead or head of development. Generally, these promotions involve managing a team of web developers and contributing to the organization’s technical strategy and goals. It also means the amount of actual coding work will decrease. The next step can be a senior or even board-level position, for example Chief Technical Officer (CTO) or Technology Vice President.

 

The Bottom Line

 

When you open a web-browser, chose website and load it, the site, designed and developed properly and thoughtfully, will load instantly opening the variety of operations to your disposal. It sometimes knocks you down with its awesome layout, well-constructed pages, useful information and impressive visuals. Who is responsible for this positive experience? Sure, it is the team of designers, creating idea, logic and visual performance, content creators, planning and writing appropriate filling for the webpages, and web developers who seem to be a sort of magicians able to enliven all the stuff and bring it to the user quickly and efficiently. Web development has many ways for professional growth and self-fulfillment, and all of these directions are complicated but professionally rewarding.


Welcome to read the article about basic terms of web development and issues of front-end development

Welcome to see the designs by Tubik Studio on Dribbble and Behance

tubik studio freelance teamwork

Design Workstyle. Freelance vs Teamwork.

Modern time and development of technology brought people much more ways and choices of their work style and routine. The broad availability of the Internet and its endless opportunities gave lots of workers, especially in creative spheres, the chance of being more flexible and resourceful about organization of work process which is productive and convenient for all the sides. However, all the styles of work have not only their benefits but also drawbacks, and it’s really important for a professional to consider them before making the choice in favor of the particular working routine.

 

Most of the designers working in Tubik Studio have tried in practice both workstyles which are typical for today’s designers in the sphere of web, app and branding design: most started their path as freelancers before getting into team. So, using the advantage of real life experience we would like to discuss high and low sides of freelance and work in the studio or agency. Obviously, a lot of things have already been discussed in numerous articles over this topic, but, perhaps, our thoughts can also become useful for those who are considering the theme.

tubik designers

 

Freelance

 

No doubt, due to the new technological horizons couple of decades ago freelance became the new and broad perspective of organizing work routine. It opened wide opportunities for those talented people who could not leave their homes, such as for example disabled or parents of babies and toddlers. This kind of workstyle brought easy solutions for a lot of problems and let the people realize their abilities against all the odds, so very soon it was taken over and improved by huge number of professionals in different spheres. The accents moved a bit: a lot of people made the choice of freelancing not because they didn’t need to go to an office but first of all because they could work for themselves and be the only people responsible for their own decisions, choosing the partners or customers and depending on themselves. Freelance workstyle gave them the feeling of freedom.

 

Benefits

— You are free to choose the projects and customers you want or do not want to work for;

— You make your own choice of place and time of work;

— You do not depend on other people and are able to estimate your own productivity;

— You decide what kind of tools to use for any stage of the project you work on;

— You don’t spend money on transport and other costs obvious for those who work in the office;

— You control your workload and decide on the flow and priorities of projects;

— You are totally responsible for your creative decisions and are free to stop work on the project whenever you want.

 

Drawbacks

— Less (or absent) guarantees of successful payment;

— Less (or absent) guarantees of steady workload;

— No support in creative blocks and problematic issues;

— Great amount of time spent on communication with customers, which can be not only time consuming but also highly stressful);

— Work under pressure of responsibility 100% of time;

— Absence or lower amount of live communication with colleagues on regular basis;

— No financial support in cases of sickness or holidays.

 

tubikstudio designer

Studio designer Violetta as well as most other designers in the studio tried the best and the worst of freelancing

 

Responsibilities

— You are the person responsible for communication at all levels;

— You are the person of the business controlling the financial flows, income and expenses;

— You set the deadlines and have to control them by yourself;

— You work from home or any other place and should control the influence of the conditions on your productivity;

— The scope of work you can supply is limited by your personal abilities and talent;

— You have to be strong-willed and highly organized to efficiently separate your work time and personal time.

 

Bottom line

This way of work demands high level of total and absolute responsibility in case the person wants to become really successful rather than just make a living. In the sphere of design you have to become a “Jack of all trades” being able to organize efficient workplace, fast and easy communication, keeping deadlines, controlling finance and improving as a professional all at the same time.

 

Teamwork

 

Talking about design sphere, teamwork usually means that you become a part of design studio or agency. Certainly, this style of work is different from the one described above not only in terms of workflow itself but also in terms of process organization.

 

tubikstudio teamwork

 

Benefits

— In most cases a team consists of diverse professionals in design and this gives a broad space of creativity and high chances of getting involved in complex design projects;

— Work in a team has higher level of stability in workload, planning time and finances;

— In many cases it gives the faster way of successful presenting yourself as for international design community as a result of accumulated efforts of all the team members;

— Teams include not only designers but also managers who are real and important support in terms of communication with customers, including the cases of solving conflicts and misunderstandings that are unavoidable in full-time creative work; moreover, it saves your time which you are able to devote to pure creativity instead of organizational and communication issues;

— Team has a great advantage of brainstorming and collective mind that can become very supportive especially in case of creative block or complex task;

 

project management discussion

 

— Team can take big and complex design projects splitting the parts of it to the designers who are the most capable of producing final result good for all the team productivity;

— Team provides regular communication both with designers and managers which is good for self-improvement and building social relationship;

— You have clear separation of your working space and personal space which is a vital condition of personal comfort for many people;

 

tubik studio

 

— You have a feeling of somebody to back you up that can give you more confidence;

— Team has more variants of promotion and presenting its members. In case of design sphere, it is sometimes less time-consuming and faster way to get involved into the community and take the support and popularity being a part of the team;

 

tubikstudio designers

 

— The flow of information exchange and circulation is much faster and more efficient that increases the level of general team productivity and problem-solving potential;

— Team can bring good friends into your life as well as inspiration and live energy absorbed from the other people around. 

 

tubik studio designers

 

Drawbacks

— You have to organize your routine according to the schedule of work with a team whichever flexible could be the variants offered to you;

— You have to get ready to be a part of a group. That’s vital to know that even presenting yourself as a designer you are working in the team and for the team;

— You are working in a set of restrictions and in many cases you are assigned for the projects, not choosing the tasks but getting them for your consideration and accomplishment.

 

Responsibilities

— You have to be aware that you are the part of team but as well the team is the integral part of your image;

 -You are always involved in more or less active communication flow which is natural for any kind of work. That means that you should take into account interests, habits, characters and thoughts of other people around you;

 -You have to consider not only your personal interests and prospects but also the interests and prospects of the team.

 

tubik studio brainstorm

 

Bottom line

Teamwork has its own responsibilities, seems more than for frellance, although in most cases it is an illusion. Teamwork provides the chance of taking the best from delegating responsibilities between the people who are the best for the role, so a designer has more time for pure design and creative work as well as professional self-improvement not bothering so much about management and organizational issues.

 

tubik studio ceo

 

Conclusion

 

Definitely, none of the benefits or drawbacks are absolute: as all the people are different the methods of workstyle for their best productivity should also be various. No secrets or tricks, just one man’s loss is the other man’s gain. Some of us are amazing team players while the others prefer full responsibility and decision-making only on their own shoulders. None is bad or good, all those things are extremely individual.

tubik studio brainstorm

 

Inside the studio we have gathered people who are consciously keen and able to take all the advantages of teamwork. It never ever means that any of them has lost their freedom, as all people in the studio have enough of their own private space and the chances of work not being disturbed. However, this kind of freedom is always supported with all the team who are invisibly behind you and ready to back up any moment it’s needed. So, we think that teamwork organized wisely and thoughtfully doesn’t take away designers’ individual space or freedom — vise versa, it adds to it the power of solid support and prospective ways for bigger and more complex, therefore more interesting and challenging projects and tasks.


Welcome to see the designs by Tubik Studio on Dribbble and Behance